The sociology of language
The sociology of language studies the interaction between the use of language and the social organization of behavior. It is important to remark that sociology of languagealso includes the written features such as vocabulary, standardized in spelling and grammar.
There are many factors that can influence the way people speak; for example, we have that religion in theearlier periods of history imposed Latin as the official language in Europe. Today, there are other factors that influence on language like the technology.
Regarding to the important work of “theSociology of Language” there are two branches that studies more closely certain aspects of language and society. They are descriptive sociology of language and Dynamic Sociology of Language.Descriptive sociolinguistics
Descriptive sociology of language aims to explain the different types of language that people use in different occasions, situations and locations.
People may share a repertoireof different varieties of the language which they alternate depending on the nature of the interaction.
Interlocutors themselves are the ones who determine what variety of the language will be usedto communicate.
As we know in each society there are different co-occurrences between two or more people called situations. Those situations share certain elements such as socialdialect, occupational dialect and topics which are involved in a social network.
A social network has its own internal social organizations whose people develop their linguistic competence.Depending on the situation people, belonging to this social network, know when to shift their language and the relationships between their members. This can be summarized in two words: Situational Shifting.This situational shifting is studied by descriptive sociolinguistics researchers. They use a variety of methods such as observation, survey methods, experimental designs and depth interviews....
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