A verb tells about an action or a state of being. There are three types of verbs: action, linking, and auxiliary.
An action verb expresses action. It tells what a person or athing does.
Muskrats swim in marshes.
We built a fantastic sandcastle.
To find out whether a word is an action verb, ask yourself whether that word expresses something you can do. Can you muskrat?No!Can you marsh? No. But can you swim? Yes—swim is an action verb.
What are these words doing? They are expressing action, something that a person, animal, force of nature, or thing can do. As aresult, we call these words action verbs. Look at the examples below:
A linking verb links the subject of the sentence with information about it. Sometimes linking verbs are called"state-of-being verbs."
Linking verbs do not express action. Instead, they connect the subject of the verb to additional information about the subject.
Jeremy is tired.
This apple tastes so sweet.In the first sentence, is links Jeremy to information about him-the fact that he is tired. That is his state of being.
In the second sentence, tastes links apple to information about it—itssweetness. Did you think taste was an action verb? Well, it is—when the subject is doing the tasting. But here, the apple isn't doing any tasting. The apple itself tastes sweet. That is its state of being.Auxiliary Verbs
An auxiliary verb goes with another verb. Sometimes auxiliary verbs are called "helping verbs" because they introduce or "help out" the main verb.
Ms. Sothros is reading our stories.We should dig for buried treasure.
In the first sentence, the auxiliary verb, is, helps out the main verb, reading, by telling when the action is taking place—right now.
In the second sentence, theauxiliary verb, should, helps out the main verb, dig, by telling about its importance—digging must be important, if it is something that should happen.
Note that you can't is or should. This...
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