John Cadbury was born in Birmingham to Richard Tapper Cadbury, who was from a wealthy Quaker family that moved to the area from the west of England. As a Quaker in the early 19th century, he was not allowed to enter a university, so could not pursue a profession such as medicine or law. As Quakers are pacifist, a military career was also out of the question. So, like many other Quakers of thetime, he turned his energies toward business and began an apprenticeship as a tea dealer in Leeds in 1818.
Returning to Birmingham in 1824, Cadbury opened a small one-man grocery shop at 93 Bull Street. In 1831, he switched his business and rented a small factory (an old malthouse) in Crooked Lane to begin the manufacture of drinking chocolate and cocoa.
Cadbury was influenced in his choice oftrade by his temperance beliefs – he felt alcohol was a major cause of poverty and other social ills, and saw cocoa and chocolate as alternatives. As a social reformer, he also led a campaign to ban the use of child labour for sweeping chimneys and campaigned against animal cruelty, forming the Animals Friend Society, a forerunner of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.Meanwhile, Cadbury’s manufacturing enterprise prospered, his brother Benjamin joined the business in 1847 and they rented a larger factory on Bridge Street. Two years later, in 1849, the Cadbury brothers pulled out of the retail business, leaving it in the hands of John's son , Richard Cadbury Barrow. (Barrow's remained a leading Birmingham store until the 1960s.)
Cadbury married twice. Hemarried Priscilla Ann Dymond (1799–1828), in 1826, but she died two years later. In 1832 he married his second wife, Candia Barrow (1805–1855) and had seven children: John (1834–1866), Richard (1835–1899), Maria (1838–1908), George (1839–1922), Joseph (1841–1841), Edward (1843–1866), and Henry (1845–1875).
Benjamin and John Cadbury dissolved their partnership in 1860. John retired in 1861 due to thedeath of his wife, and his sons Richard and George succeeded him in the business. In 1879 they relocated to an area of what was then north Worcestershire, on the borders of the parishes of Northfield and King's Norton centred on the Georgian built Bournbrook Hall, where they developed the garden village of Bournville; now a major suburb of Birmingham. The family developed the Cadbury's factory,which remains a key site of Cadbury. The district around the factory has been 'dry' for over 100 years, with no alcohol being sold in pubs, bars or shops. Residents have fought to maintain this, winning a court battle in March 2007 with Britain's biggest supermarket chain Tesco, to prevent it selling alcohol in its local outlet.
For the remainder of his life, John Cadburyengaged in civic and social work in Birmingham.
John Cadbury nació en Birmingham a Richard Tapper Cadbury, que era de una familia cuáquera ricos que se trasladaron a la zona desde el oeste de Inglaterra. Como Quaker en el siglo 19, no se le permitió entrar en una universidad, así que no podía ejercer una profesión como la medicina o el derecho. Como los cuáqueros son pacifistas, una carrera militartambién estaba fuera de la cuestión. Así que, como muchos otros cuáqueros de la época, dirigió sus energías hacia los negocios y comenzó a trabajar como aprendiz de un comerciante de té en Leeds en 1818.
Volviendo a Birmingham en 1824, Cadbury abrió una pequeña tienda de alimentación del hombre a los 93 años Bull Street. En 1831, cambió su empresa y alquiló una pequeña fábrica (una maltería deedad) en Crooked Lane para comenzar la fabricación de chocolate con leche y cacao.
Cadbury fue influido en su elección de comercio por sus creencias templanza - sintió el alcohol era una de las principales causas de la pobreza y otros males sociales, y vio el cacao y el chocolate como alternativas. Como un reformador social, que también lideró una campaña para prohibir el uso de trabajo...
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