He was born on October 2, 1933 in Dippenhall, UK. When he was 15 and had just completed the first semester at Eton College, the most exclusive in the UK, a teacher ruled thathe would have no chance to become a scientist and it would be a complete waste of time for him and for his teach. His parents decided to follow a military career but not admitted in the Army and choseto study Latin and Greek classics-in Christ Church College, Oxford University, later went to zoology. With this change, John Gurdon began a meteoric career that made him one of the most famous Britishscientists.
After his doctorate at the University of Oxford in 1960 and postdoc at the California Institute of Technology (USA), enters the British University of Cambridge in 1972, where he isProfessor of Cellular biology. It belongs to the Gurdon Institute of Cambridge.
It laid the foundations of the cloning in experiments realized in frogs from 1958. It discovered in 1962 that thespecialization of cells is reversible. In this year it replaced the core of an immature cell of the egg of a frog with the core of an intestinal mature cell of the animal, in spite of which the modified eggfinished hatching in a normal tadpole. This discovery allowed him to come to the conclusion of which " the DNA of the cell matures still it had all the necessary information to develop all the cells inthe frog ".
In October 8, 2012, together with the Japanese Shinya Yamanaka was rewarded with the Nobel Prize of Medicine by his pioneering investigations in cloning and cells. “His discoveries haverevolutionized our comprehension of how the cells and the organisms develop ", emphasized the Assembly Nobel prize in the communiqué in the one that was announcing the concession of the prize. Theseadvances “have created new opportunities to investigate diseases and to develop methods for diagnoses and therapies ".
John Gurdon is a member of the Royal Society from 1971, and he was nominated a...