Bloques economicos

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BLOQUES ECONOMICOS

O TRADE BLOCS

• Un bloque económico es un área de libre mercado usualmente basado en tratados comerciales, arancelarios o en tarifas (Impuestos).

• El grado del bloque es determinado según su nivel de integración.

• Hipotéticamente los pasos para una integración son:

-Área comercial preferencial

-Área de libre comercio

-Uniónaduanera

-Mercado común

-Unión económica y monetaria

-Integración económica completa

Información traducida del texto

Fritz Machlup, A History of Thought on Economic Integration Columbia University Press, 1977

List of regional blocs
African Economic Community (AEC)
• full members of ECOWAS: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia,Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
• full members of CEMAC: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon
• full members of ECCAS: Democratic Republic of the Congo, São Tomé and Príncipe
• full members of EAC: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda
• full members of SACU:Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland
• full members of SADC: Angola, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, Zambia, Zimbabwe
• full members of COMESA: Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Comoros
• full member of IGAD: Somalia
• full member, other: Algeria
• full member, other, partially recognized state: Sahrawi Republic
Association of SoutheastAsian Nations (ASEAN)
• full members: Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar[1][2], Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
• candidate: Timor-Leste [3]
• +3: China, [4][5] Japan, South Korea
Central American Integration System (CAIS)
• full members: Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
• BCIE partner: TaiwanCaribbean Community (CARICOM)
• full members: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago
• full members, non-sovereign autonomous entities of the United Kingdom: Montserrat
• associate members, non-sovereign autonomous entities of theUnited Kingdom: Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands
• candidate for associate membership, part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands: Netherlands Antilles (prospectively Curacao, Sint Maarten)
• observer, part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands: Aruba
• observer, commonwealth of the United States: Puerto Rico
Eurasian Economic Community(EAEC)
• full members: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
• observer: Armenia
European Economic Area (EEA)
• Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA)
o full members: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia
o full members, non-sovereign entities administered by the United Nations: Kosovo• European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
o full members: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland
• European Union (EU)
o full members: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom
o overseas countries and territories of France: French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Mayotte, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon
o overseas countries and territories of the United Kingdom: British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean Territory, Falkland Islands, Saint Helena (including its dependencies Ascension Island and...
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