Left - Modern Laptop Today
It is a little hard to determine what was the first portable or laptop computer, the first portable computers did not look like the book-sized and foldinglaptops that we are familiar with today, however, they were both portable and lapable, and lead to the development of notebook style laptops. I have outlined several potential firsts below and how eachqualifies, many of the off-site links provide good photos of the computers that will let you see the progression in design.
The First Laptop? Maybe
Designed in 1979 by a Briton, William Moggridge,for Grid Systems Corporation, the Grid Compass was one fifth the weight of any model equivalent in performance and was used by NASA on the space shuttle program in the early 1980's. A 340K byte bubblememory lap-top computer with die-cast magnesium case and folding electroluminescent graphics display screen.
Gavilan Computer As The First Laptop?
Manny Fernandez had the idea for a well-designedlaptop for executives who were starting to use computer. Fernandez, who started Gavilan Computer, promoted his machines as the first "laptop" computers in May 1983. Many historians consider theGavilan as the first fully functional laptop computer.
The First Laptop Computer - Osborne 1
The computer considered by most historians to be the first true portable computer was the Osborne 1. AdamOsborne, an ex-book publisher founded Osborne Computer and produced the Osborne 1 in 1981, a portable computer that weighed 24 pounds and cost $1795. The Osborne 1 came with a five-inch screen, modemport, two 5 1/4 floppy drives, a large collection of bundled software programs, and a battery pack. The short-lived computer company was never successful. (second photo)
More History of Laptop FirstsAlso released in 1981, was the Epson HX-20, a battery powered portable computer, with a 20-character by 4 line LCD display and a built-in printer.
In January of 1982, Microsoft's Kazuhiko Nishi...