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"Poe" redirects here. For other uses, see Poe (disambiguation).

This article is about the American writer. For the attorney general of Maryland, see Edgar Allan Poe (Maryland attorney general).Edgar Allan Poe


1848 "Ultima Thule" daguerreotype of Poe


Born

Edgar Poe
January 19, 1809
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.


Died

October 7, 1849 (aged 40)
Baltimore,Maryland, U.S.


Nationality

American


Spouse(s)

Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe


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EdgarAllan Poe (born Edgar Poe, January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American author, poet, editor and literary critic, considered part of the American Romantic Movement. Best known for his tales ofmystery and the macabre, Poe was one of the earliest American practitioners of the short story and is considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre. He is further credited with contributing tothe emerging genre of science fiction.[1] He was the first well-known American writer to try to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.[2]

Hewas born as Edgar Poe in Boston, Massachusetts; he was orphaned young when his mother died shortly after his father abandoned the family. Poe was taken in by John and Frances Allan, of Richmond,Virginia, but they never formally adopted him. He attended the University of Virginia for one semester but left due to lack of money. After enlisting in the Army and later failing as an officer's cadet atWest Point, Poe parted ways with the Allans. His publishing career began humbly, with an anonymous collection of poems, Tamerlane and Other Poems (1827), credited only to "a Bostonian".

Poe switchedhis focus to prose and spent the next several years working for literary journals and periodicals, becoming known for his own style of literary criticism. His work forced him to move among several...
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