El verbo TO BE
El verbo TO BE es uno de los verbos más importantes del idioma Ingles, si acaso no el más importante, que interviene en numerosas estructuras verbales, muchas de las cuales difieren de las que utilizamos en castellano para expresar una idea.
Básicamente el verbo TO BE significa SER o ESTAR de acuerdo al contexto donde se emplee. Sus formas para el Simple Present se reducen a tresque son AM, ARE y IS , y para el Simple Past, a dos: WAS y WERE, usandose con los pronombres de la conjugación de la siguiente forma:
Las oraciones afirmativas se construyen de forma opuesta, colocando el sujeto de la oracíon seguido a continuación del verbo TO BE y el resto de la oración. Para formar la oración negativa, sencillamente agregamos el adverbio NOT después del verbo enpresente o pasado.
I am an accountant (positive)
I am not an accountant (negative)
I was not an accountant (simple past)
Am I an accountant? (Question)
Yes I am. (short answer) / Yes, I am an accountant
No, I am not (short answer) / No, I am not an accountant
He is not in his office / He was not in his office
She is not in her job / She was not in her job
It is not a good project / It wasnot a good project
We are not business people / We were not business people
They are not sales managers/ They were not sales managers.
How do we make the Simple Future Tense?
The structure of the simple future tense is:
subject | + | auxiliary verb WILL | + | main verb |
| invariable | | base |
| will | | V1 |
For negative sentences in the simple future tense,we insert not between the auxiliary verb and main verb. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and auxiliary verb. Look at these example sentences with the simple future tense:
| subject | auxiliary verb | | main verb | |
+ | I | will | | open | the door. |
+ | You | will | | finish | before me. |
- | She | will | not | be | at school tomorrow. |
- | We | will | not | leave| yet. |
? | Will | you | | arrive | on time? |
? | Will | they | | want | dinner? |
When we use the simple future tense in speaking, we often contract the subject and auxiliary verb:
I will | I'll |
you will | you'll |
it will | he'll
we will | we'll |
they will | they'll |
For negative sentences in the simple future tense, we contract withwon't, like this:
I will not | I won't |
you will not | you won't |
he will not
she will not
it will not | he won't
it won't |
we will not | we won't |
they will not | they won't |
How do we use the Simple Future Tense?
We use the simple future tense when there is no plan or decision to do something before we speak. We make the decision spontaneously at the timeof speaking. Look at these examples:
* Hold on. I'll get a pen.
* We will see what we can do to help you.
* Maybe we'll stay in and watch television tonight.
In these examples, we had no firm plan before speaking. The decision is made at the time of speaking.
We often use the simple future tense with the verb to think before it:
* I think I'll go to the gym tomorrow.
* I thinkI will have a holiday next year.
* I don't think I'll buy that car.
We often use the simple future tense to make a prediction about the future. Again, there is no firm plan. We are saying what we think will happen. Here are some examples:
* It will rain tomorrow.
* People won't go to Jupiter before the 22nd century.
* Who do you think will get the job?
When themain verb is be, we can use the simple future tense even if we have a firm plan or decision before speaking. Examples:
* I'll be in London tomorrow.
* I'm going shopping. I won't be very long.
* Will you be at work tomorrow?
The Verb To Do
The verb to do is another common verb in English. It can be used as an auxiliary and a main verb. It is often used in questions.
Forms of To...
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