About the author.- The British author George Orwell, pen name of Eric Arthur Blair, born on June 25, 1903, in Motihari, India. The Blair’s were prosperous civil servants, working inIndia on behalf of the British Empire. Despite this factor Orwell was educated in England. He moved to Europe to become a writer. He lived for several years in poverty and it was in the late 1940s whenhe achieved prominence with two brilliant satires attacking totalitarianism and also his best-known: Animal Farm (1945), a modern beast-fable attacking Stalinism, and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), anovel that showed his fears of a bureaucratized state of the future. The last one is considerated his most famous novel. After writing “1984” Orwell died in London at the early age of forty-seven of aneglected lung ailment. He left behind a substantial body of work and a reputation for greatness.
Theme.- Orwell criticizes the communist regime in Russia that was spreading to all the world,although he agreed with many Marxist ideas, he saw many similarities between the communist government and the previous czarist regime. Orwell uses the farm to symbolize Russia. First they wanted tooverthrow Mr. Jones (the Czar), but Napoleon’s subsequent adoption of nearly all of Mr. Jones’ principles and cruel abuse of the animals proves that communism is another form of inequality. The pigs anddogs take most of the power, thinking that they deserve it. Unfortunately the power corrupts them, and they attack their own comrades, eliminating competitors through propaganda and bloodshed. This isa reference to Stalin, who murdered his own people in order to maintain the power.
Point of view.- Third person
Message.- The communism and the czarism are the same. “Communism, is inherentlyhypocritical” 1 and is spreading through all Europe and through the United States. Orwell shows the political system in those times, a time he believed marked the end of the very concept of human...
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