Problem 80. Adjectives ending in Ed/ING
The Ed ending is used to describe “how to the person feel”
Martin s interested in Olivia.
I am excited about my graduation.
The ing endind is used to describe “how the things are, look, sound, etc”
So. Is used “before” adjectives to give strength to the adject.
So is commonly used with adjectives or adverbs so.
Mexico is a nice countrybut Mexico is so nice.
So + a negative or positive adjective
So: Pretty, good, well.
So: Ugly, dirty, boring.
Such. Such is stronger than “so” and it is followed by an adverbial clause with (a/an + adjective + noun)
Mexico is such an interesting country.
It is used to express strong ideas or to “offend” someone.
She’s so cute – She’s such a cute girl.
You do it so good – You do itsuch a good.
You’re so petty – You’re such a petty.
She is so pretty – She’s such a pretty.
So (Cause + that + result)
The day is so could, that I want to stay in home and sleep.
Mary is so beautiful, that she looks like a model.
I was so tired that I went to sleep early.
Such (Cause + that + result)
This is such a disgusting food that nobody wants to eat it.
This is such a fastcar that it feels like a formula uno.
It’s such a sunny day that I want to go on a picnic.
Ana is the same age as Julia
Oranges are the same color as orange color
David is the same height as Sergio.
Celaya is the same length as Morelia.
Milk is the same price as Coca Cola.
I am the same size as Javier
The red dress is the same style as the blue dress.
Eloiza isthe same weight as Wendy.
In English we have three types of comparisons and they are:
a) Comparatives of equality. In this type of comparisons the number of syllables is not important, so the adjectives keep their original form.
As adjective as
This car is as expensive as yours.
This room is as big as yours.
The bag is as heavy as a chair.
b) Comparatives ofsuperiority. In this kind of comparisons, the number of syllables is very important, because according to the number we apply a rule.
- One syllable adjectives: To made the adjectives into comparatives of superiority is necessary to add “er” or “r” ending to the original form of the adjective plus the word “than”
Small – smaller.
Short – shorter.
Nice – nicer.
- One syllable with CVCending: In this type of adjectives with have to duplicate the final consonant before adding the “er” or “r” ending.
- Two syllables with “y” ending. We apply the rule for the adjectives of one syllable only because of the “y” ending. We have to change the letter “y” for “I” + “er” or “r”
- Two – three or more syllables. In this kind of adjectives we don’t add any ending to the original form ofthe adjectives, instead we write or used the word “more/less” + adjective + thatn.
Irregular adjectives. In this adjectives we don’t apply any of the rules we mention before, as it names mention the four changes in superiority and superlative form.
1.- How many types of comparisions we have in English?
In English we have three kinds of comparisions. Equality, superlative andsuperiority.
2.- What do you do to convert the adjectives of two syllables into comparatives of superiority?
We use “more” + adjective + than.
3.- What is the procedure of the adjectives of one syllable, simple and CVC ending?
We add the “er” ending. In case of CVC ending we duplicate the final consonant.
4.- What happened with adjectives of two syllables with “y” ending?
We need to change the“y” for “I” + “er” or “r” ending.
5.- What is the structure of superlative form the following.
a) One syllable: The + “est” or “st”.
b) One syllable CVC: The + CVC + “est” or “st”.
c) Two syllables “y” ending: The “ist” or “iest”.
d) Two, three or more syllables: We don’t add any ending, we use more/less.
6.- It’s important the number of syllables in comparatives of equality?
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