FORMATION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION: EUROPE FOR PEACE AND GROWH
Now a days, the European Union Consists of 27 member states that are together in a bid help the development of the integrants and to co-operate between governments and make democratic regulations. Throughout the years the EU has grown by the union of Eastern and Western Europe, this way, they have gained a huge power in the worldand it has made easer the relationship between those countries. This essay will examine some of the steps of the process of the European Union’s formation and how, they have had impacts in economic and political sectors.
The European Union was created with the aim to put an end to the frequent conflicts among neighbours that the World War Two had left. The Europeans were determined to avoid thata similar killing and destruction could be repeated again.
Shortly after the war, Europe remained divided into East and West giving the beginning at 40 years of a cold war. In 1949, The nations of Western Europe created the Counsel of Europe It constituted a first step towards the cooperation, but six of those countries bet on going further.
In 1951, based on the plan Schumann, sixcountries signed a treaty to negotiate their strong industries —coal and steel— In this way, none of the integrants could manufacture weapons of war to use them against each other, as occurred in the past.
The European Coal and Steel Community was one of the firsts step of an economic and politics union of the European countries to achieve a long lasting peace. The six founders were Germany, Belgium,France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.
Based on the success of the Coal and Steel Community, the six members thought of expanding the cooperation to other economic sectors, and they began to make lots of different kind of treatments. In 1957, they signed the treaty of Rome, creating the European Economic Community (EEC). The main objective was that people, goods and services could bemoved freely through the borders. And that is why the sixties became a good moment for the economy in the EU, favoured, among others things, because the countries of the EU stopped perceiving customs duties by the commercial transactions between each other. Also they agreed to make control of the eating production and, in this way, a sufficient provision was guaranteed that, even, the agriculturalproduction will increase.
This treaty also created the where the Law of European Union began, the first and the most important of the pillar: Economic Community which consist in the law concerning economic and social rights.
In 1962 the agricultural prices were standardized for the assembly of the Community. The European Economic Community covered for itself alone their eating needs and thefarmers had some good incomes, and years later on 1970, first plans were made for the introduction of a single currency in order to guaranteeing the monetary stability.
As years past by, the development of the European union was a success and more countries were starting to join. In 1973 was when Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom entered to form part of the EU.
The European Parliamentenlarged its influence in the matters of the EU and, in 1979, was elected for the first time by universal vote. Their representatives, that before were delegates of the national parliaments, were constituted in political groups (socialist, conservative, liberal, green…). And the influence of the European Parliament started to grow constantly.
In 1981 Greece became the tenth member of theEuropean Union, and, five years later, the death of Franco in Spain and the end of Salazar’s mandatory in Portugal, gave an end to the communism and the two countries joined too.
November 9, 1989 an important political upset was produced when the Wall of Berlin, created by the communists in order to avoid people from escaping to freedom in other countries, was knocked down and, for the first time in...
Leer documento completo
Regístrate para leer el documento completo.