Mohinder L. Nayyar, P.E.
The sixth edition of this Handbook was edited by
Mohindar L. Nayyar, P.E.
The ﬁfth edition of this Handbook was edited by
Reno C. King, B.M.E, M.M.E., D.Sc., P.E.
Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Assistant Dean, School of Engineering and Science, New York University Registered Professional Engineer The ﬁrst four editions ofthis Handbook were edited by
Sabin Crocker, M.E.
Fellow, ASME: Registered Professional Engineer
New York San Francisco Washington, D.C. Auckland Bogota ´ Caracas Lisbon London Madrid Mexico City Milan Montreal New Delhi San Juan Singapore Sydney Tokyo Toronto
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Nayyar, Mohinder L. Piping handbook / [editedby] Mohinder L. Nayyar.—7th ed. p. cm. ISBN 0-07-047106-1 1. Pipe—Handbooks, manuals, etc. 2. Pipe-ﬁtting—Handbooks, manuals, etc. I. Nayyar, Mohinder L.
Copyright 2000, 1992, 1967 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may bereproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a data base or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Copyright 1930, 1931, 1939, 1945 by McGraw-Hill, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means,electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Copyright renewed 1973, 67, and 59 by Sabin Crocker. All rights reserved. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 DOC/DOC 9 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 9 ISBN 0-07-047106-1 The sponsoring editor for this book was Linda Ludewig, the editing supervisor was Peggy Lamb, and the production supervisor was SherriSouffrance. This book was set in Times Roman by the PRD Group. Printed and bound by R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company.
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Thisbook is printed on acid-free paper
Robert B. Adams, President & CEO, Expansion Seal Technologies, 334 Godshall Drive, Harleysville, PA 19438-2008 (CHAP. B14) Charles L. Arnold, Principal Pipeline Consultant, 716 Hillside Avenue, Albany, CA 94706
Joel E. Aschenbrand, James S. Merritt Company, Lizell Building, Suite 202, P. O. Box 707, Montgomeryville,PA 18936-0707 (CHAP. C14) Daniel R. Avery, Technical Marketing Manager, Wyman-Gordon Forgings, Inc., Cameron Forged Product Division, P. O. Box 40456, Houston, TX 77240-0456 (CHAP. A5) Dr. Chakrapani Basavaraju, Engineering Specialist, Bechtel Corporation, 5275 Westview Drive, Frederick, MD 21703 (CHAP. B4 AND APPS. E2 AND E2M) Dr. Hans D. Baumann, Fisher Controls International, Inc., Portsmouth,NH 03801 (CHAP. A10) A. R. Belair, PRAXAIR, Inc., 175 East Park Drive, P.O. Box 44, Tonawanda, NY 141502053 (CHAP. C8) Paul A. Bourquin, Formerly Senior Vice President, Wolff & Munier, Inc., 50 Broadway, Hawthorne, NY 10532 (CHAP. C4) Thomas J. Bowling, P.E., Manager, Pipe Repair Product Line, Team Environmental Services, Inc., Alvin, TX 77512 (CHAP. B14) Gordon Britton, President, Integra...
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