Homophobia (from Greek homós: one and the same; phóbos: fear, phobia) is defined as an "irrational fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against homosexuality or homosexuals" for individualsperceived to be homosexual; it is also defined as "unreasoning fear of or antipathy toward homosexuals and homosexuality","fear of or contempt for lesbians and gay men",w]as well as "behavior based on sucha feeling"For the European Parliament "homophobia can be defined as an irrational fear of and aversion to homosexuality and to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people based on prejudiceand similar to racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism and sexism" It is defined by behavior (such as discrimination) as well as motivation (such as fear, antipathy or contempt). Homophobic is the adjectiveform of this term used to describe the qualities of these characteristics, while homophobe is the noun form given as a title to individuals labeled with homophobic characteristics. Homophobia wasfirst used with its modern meaning in 1971, although it was coined in the mid-1950s. Use of the word has been criticized as pejorative against those with differing value positions, with severalresearchers proposing alternative words to describe prejudice and discrimination against gay and lesbian people. The term "internalized homophobia" is used to describe a prejudice against one's ownhomosexuality.
HOMOPHOBIA IN MEXICO
Mexico City, May 19, 2009.
464 of homophobic hate crimes in Mexico from 1995 to 2007 were recorded by the Citizens Commission Against Homophobic Hate Crimes (CCCCOH).445 cases were males and 19 to women in addition, 52 were transvestites or transgender.
The entity that has the highest number of records is the Federal District with 131, followed by the State ofMexico, 63; Michoacán and Yucatan, 39 respectively, and Colima, 24.
The states that so far no cases have, for lack of registration or access to information, are Zacatecas, Tlaxcala, San Luis...
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