Imagine, a girl is talking to Tom. You want to know who she is and ask a friend whether he knows her. You could say:
A girl is talking to Tom. Do you know the girl?
That soundsrather complicated, doesn't it? It would be easier with a relative clause: you put both pieces of information into one sentence. Start with the most important thing – you want to know who the girl is.Do you know the girl …
As your friend cannot know which girl you are talking about, you need to put in the additional information – the girl is talking to Tom. Use „the girl“ only in the first partof the sentence, in the second part replace it with the relative pronoun (for people, use the relative pronoun „who“). So the final sentence is:
Do you know the girl who is talking to Tom?
relative pronoun | use | example |
who | subject or object pronoun for people | I told you about the woman who lives next door. |
which | subject or object pronoun for animals andthings | Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof? |
which | referring to a whole sentence | He couldn’t read which surprised me. |
whose | possession for people animals and things | Do you knowthe boy whose mother is a nurse? |
whom | object pronoun for people, especially in non-defining relative clauses (in defining relative clauses we colloquially prefer who) | I was invited by theprofessor whom I met at the conference. |
that | subject or object pronoun for people, animals and things in defining relative clauses (who or which are also possible) | I don’t like thetable that stands in the kitchen. |
Los ‘relative clauses’ se usan para definir sobre qué persona o que cosa estamos hablando. Con los 'relative clauses’ se puede decir más información sobre la persona o cosa deque estas hablando. Se emplean mucho por eso es importante saber cómo usarlos correctamente. Abajo hay explicaciones sobre los defining relative clauses (sin comas) con ejemplos.
Leer documento completo
Regístrate para leer el documento completo.