Sistemas de partidos

Páginas: 6 (1361 palabras) Publicado: 29 de marzo de 2011



SCHOOL YEAR: 2010-2011

Anorexia is an eating disorder that involves a loss of weight caused by the patient and leads to a state of starvation. Anorexia is characterized by the fear of gaining weight and distortedperception and delusion of one's body that makes the patient look fat even when their weight is below the recommended. Thus begins a progressive decrease in weight by fasting and reduced food intake.

It usually begins with the elimination of carbohydrates, as there is the false belief that fat. Then rejects the fats, proteins and even fluids, leading to cases of extreme dehydration. Thesedrastic measures can we add other behaviors associated with the use of diuretics, laxatives, purging, induced vomiting or excessive exercise. The affected person may lose from 15 to 50 percent in the most critical of their body weight. This disease is often associated with serious psychological disorders that cause changes in behavior, emotional behavior and stigmatization of the body.

CausesIts cause is unknown, but social factors appear important. Although there are many cultural factors that can trigger anorexia, it is likely that part of the population have a physical predisposition to suffer this disorder, regardless of which can exert pressure environment. Thus there are general factors that are associated with a trigger or some biological vulnerability, which is what precipitatedthe development of the disease.
• The patient's own obesity.
• Maternal obesity.
• Death or illness of a loved one.
• Separation from parents.
• Moving away from home.
• school failure.
• Accidents.
• Traumatic events.

Anorexia Symptoms

This condition is characterized by significant weight loss caused by the patient and a misperception of body. Consequently,endocrine problems are evident in a relatively short space of time. The main symptoms that determine the onset of the disease are:

Refusal to maintain body weight above the minimum for the age and size of the patient.
Fear of weight gain or obesity even when the weight is lower than recommended.
Distorted perception of body weight and proportions.
Absence of three consecutive menstrual cycles inwomen (amenorrhea). Anorexics may experience a very varied range of symptoms: constipation, amenorrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, etc.
But the family that detects the symptoms sound the alarm:

Excessive preoccupation with caloric composition of foods and food preparation
Constant feeling cold
Progressive reduction of food
Obsessed with image, the scale and sport studies
Using traps toprevent food
These symptoms are typical features are others such as irritability, depression and emotional disorders or personality. It also shows a change in the feeling of satiety and fullness before meals, nausea, bloating, or even absence of sensations. In this disease there are also many cognitive disorders that focus on food, body weight and physical appearance:

Selective use of information.
It magnifies the negative side of any situation.
Dichotomous thinking.
Self-referential ideas.
Arbitrary inference
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Anorexia nervosa is diagnosed, usually based on an intenseweight loss and psychological symptoms characteristic. The typical anorexic is a teenager who has lost at least 15 percent of their body weight, fear of obesity, has stopped menstruating, denies being sick and looks healthy.


The overall objectives of treatment are correction of malnutrition and psychological disturbances of the patient. First attempts to...
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