The Industrial Revolution Machines

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The Industrial Revolution machines
The Flying Shuttle
In 1733, John Kay invented the flying shuttle, an improvement to looms that enabled weavers to weave faster. Theoriginal shuttle contained a bobbin on to which the weft yarn was wound. It was normally pushed from one side of the warp to the other side by hand. Large looms needed twoweavers to throw the shuttle. The flying shuttle was thrown by a leaver that could be operated by one weaver.

Curious Data
In 1753, his home was attacked by textile workerswho were angry that his inventions might take work away from them.

The Spinning Jenny

The Spinning Jenny was a spinning wheel to spin eight threads versus the originalone. It had to be used by hand. It was invented in 1764 by James Hargreaves.

Curious data
Since each machine was capable of doing the work of eight people, otherspinners were angry about the competition. In 1768, a group of spinners broke into Hargreaves' house and destroyed his machines.

The Water Frame

The water frame was thefirst spinning machine that performed constant spinning of cotton yarn. It was invented in 1769 by Richard Arkwright. Through the use of a series of rollers, the water frame wasable to produce very strong, smooth yarn that paved the way for the weaving of all-cotton fabrics.

Curious data
At the beginning, Arkwright's prototype spinner waspowered by horses instead of water.

The Power Loom

The power loom was a steam-powered, mechanically operated version of a regular loom, an invention that combinedthreads to make cloth. It was invented in 1785 by Edmund Cartwright

Curious data
Cartwright's power loom needed to be improved upon and several inventors did just that
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