The doll is a toy that exists in most of the civilizations. Figures, or dolls, made of wood or clay have been discovered in archaeological locations worldwide.Although the precise meaning of these objects is still uncertain, it is believed that these feminine figures represent the fertility. Obviously they were not toys in the modernsense of the word. It is believed that the dolls were not part of the world of the children later until thousands of years. Until after the Paleolithic period they did notbegin to construct masculine figures. Wood carving is the art of working wood with artistic or ornamental intentions by means of sharp instruments, drills and abrasives. Wood islight, flexible and moldable, and offers a great resistance to the tension. The veins and the variety of their textures provide a great natural beauty, in spite of lacking theweight, durability and monumental quality of the stone. The knowledge that is possessed about the history of the woodcarving is much reduced, since it is a vulnerable materialto humidity, fire and to the destructive activity of some insects like the woodworm.
The first step to make a carving is to work the wood block with axes, handsaws andknives. Next the figure is modeled with gouges, chisels, drills and knives. Later on rasps, limes and sandpaper paper are used to give a finish to the piece. The carving can bepainted or golden directly on the surface or over a layer of plaster or fabric directly. As alternative one can leave the wood in their natural state, wax it and polish it.natural state, wax it and polish it.
JOSE.T.PUENTE VASQUEZ #41
STUDENT: SARA MICHEL ZAMARIPA OLVERA
GROUP 17 ROLL 38
TEACHER: ODILA LICEA