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Chiapas is one of the 31 states, along with the Federal District, comprise the 32 states of Mexico. Belonged to the Kingdom of Guatemala during the Spanish domination. Located in southeastern Mexico, became the 19th state of Mexico on September 14, 1824 after the completion of a plebiscite, as during the colonial period was built into the Captaincy General of Guatemala. The bank has118 municipalities and 29 MAREZ (autonomous municipalities in absentia).

Chiapas is located in southeastern Mexico, bordered on the north by the state of Tabasco, on the west by Veracruz and Oaxaca, the Pacific Ocean to the south and east by the Republic of Guatemala. North 17 ° 59 'south 14 ° 32' north latitude east 90 ° 22 ', west 94 ° 14' west longitude.
Tabasco is bordered tothe north on the east by the Republic of Guatemala on the south by the Republic of Guatemala and the Pacific Ocean on the west by the Pacific Ocean, Oaxaca and Veracruz-Llave.

Total area
74.415 km2. Chiapas is the eighth largest state in Mexico.

Territorial Percent
The state of Chiapas represents 3.8% of the area of the country.

It is composed of 118 municipalities,these are distributed in nine regions: Downtown, Tall, Border Frailesca, North, Selva, Sierra, and Istmo-Costa Soconusco.

State Capital
Tuxtla Gutierrez

Major cities
Tuxtla Gutierrez, San Cristobal de las Casas, Tapachula, Palenque, and Chiapa de Corzo Comitan.

Ethnic Groups
In Chiapas, there are people Tseltal Tsotsil, Ch'ol, Tojolabal-ab'al, Zoque, Chuj, Kanjobal, Mam,Jacalteco, Mocho, Cakchiquel and Maya Lacandon or Caribbean, 12 of 62 officially recognized indigenous peoples in Mexico. The Constitution recognizes only local 9.

Physical geography
Chiapas borders Guatemala to the east, west, Oaxaca, Tabasco to the north, the south by the Pacific Ocean and Veracruz to the northwest. It is divided into 118 municipalities and seven physiographic regions: the Pacificcoastal plain, Sierra Madre de Chiapas Central Depression, Central Block, North Mountain, East Mountain and Northern Plains flood.

Gully Canyon, the Rio Grijalva

Flora and fauna
The state of Chiapas is one of the most biologically diverse country. Along the border withGuatemala is located in the Lacandon Jungle, which in its nearly one million hectares is home to 20% of the Mexican species. In the state are about 3,000 species of plants, including peanuts, mahogany, red cedar, ceiba, cypress, oak, ash, guácimo, guapaque, laurel, mangle, mesquite, palo mulato, grasslands, pine, quebracho and flying.
There is also a wide variety of wildlife, especially birds andreptiles. The fauna is aquatic birds, boas, crocodiles (including the marsh crocodile, an endemic species), wild boars, lions, monkeys, porcupines, sarahuatos, small mammals, possums, turtles, white-tailed deer and Yellow-throated toucans.

Flora y fauna de Chiapas

Cuniculus paca
Alouatta palliata
Eretmochelys imbricata
Pharomachrus mocinno
Tapirus bairdiiPanthera onca
Tayassu pecari
Leopardus pardalis
Boa constrictor

Ceiba pentandra
Abies religiosa
Cedrela odorata
Dysoxylum pettigrewianum
Bursera simaruba

The natural environment is extremely diverse in Chiapas due to three main factors: its rugged topography and the consequent climatic diversity, and being a point of convergence of twobiogeographical regions (Nearctic and the Neotropics).

Lagunas de Montebello National Park.

The territory of Chiapas is a huge limestone plate fragmented in different places, faulted and folded, so that its topography is complex.
Its appearance is determined by two major mountain ranges that run through a...
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