England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, while the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separate it from continental Europe. Most of England comprises the central and southern part of the island of GreatBritain in the North Atlantic. The country also includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.
The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but it takes its name from the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in AD 927, and since theAge of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language, the Anglican Church, and English law the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations. The IndustrialRevolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's Royal Society laid the foundations of modern experimental science.
England's terrain mostly comprises low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there are uplands in the north (for example, the mountainous Lake District, Pennines, and YorkshireDales) and in the south west (for example, Dartmoorand the Cotswolds). The former capital city of England was Winchester until London took over in 1066. Today London is the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. England's population is about 51 million, around 84% of the population of the United Kingdom, and is largelyconcentrated in London, the South East and conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East and Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century. Meadowlands and pastures are found beyond the major cities.
The Kingdom of England which after 1284 included Wales was a sovereign state until 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreedin the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland through another Act of Union to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922, the Irish Free State was established as a separate dominion, but the Royal and ParliamentaryTitles Act 1927 reincorporated into the kingdom six Irish counties to officially create the current United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The British kitchen is formed by a set of customs and of adapted food not only to the climate of the islands but, due to his history, and to the interactions with other European and Asian cultures (Chinese kitchen and kitchen of theIndia) has received certain influences that can be obvious not only in the production of the plates but in the ingredients. The traditional plates have very ancient, such roots as the production of bread and the cheese, the roast meats, fished proceeding from the waters of the sea or from the rivers, all of them mixed with the chiles from North America, the spices and currys of the India andBangladesh, the fried food based on the Chinese kitchen and Thai. The French kitchen and the Italian kitchen considered in the past like something foreign and admired at present up to the point of being copied. The kitchen of Great Britain has been one of the first ones and more fervent in adopting and incorporating into his daily philosophy the snack food (fast food) proceeding from the United...