Consumo de alcohol en estudiantes universitarios

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salud pública de méxico / vol.43, no.2, marzo-abril de 2001 89
Expectativas y consumo de alcohol ARTÍCULO ORIGINAL
Expectativas, consumo de alcohol
y problemas asociadosen estudiantes
universitarios de la ciudad de México
Jazmín Mora-Ríos, M. en Psic.,(1) Guillermina Natera, M. en Psic.(2)
Mora Ríos J, Natera G.
Alcohol use expectancy,intake,
and related problems among college
students in Mexico City.
Salud Publica Mex 2001;43:89-96.
The English version of this paper
is available at:http://www.insp.mx/salud/index.html
Abstract
. To assess the relationship between alcohol use
expectancies, drinking patterns, and alcohol-related problems,
among collegestudents in Mexico City.
 


. This cross-sectional study was conducted in
October 1998. Study subjects were 678 male and female
college students agedbetween 17 and 25 years, from private
and public schools. Alcohol expectancies were measured
through the self-reported “Alcohol Expectancy
Questionnaire” (AEQ), adapted forthis population, with a
high overall internal reliability coefficient (alpha=0.93). 
 . Thirty-one per cent of study subjects, mainly males,
reported heavy drinking(5 drinks or more per drinking
occasion in the previous year), while 17% were non-consumers.
Relationships for each of the AEQ scales, drinking
patterns, andalcohol-related problems, were analyzed
through a structural equations model. Analysis of variance
showed a statistically significant association between six
AEQ subscales –alcoholas a facilitator of a group interaction,
verbal expression, disinhibition, sexual enhancement,
reduction of psychological tension and arousal agression–
(F=5.23, df=1, p
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