In English we use “past” or “after” to say times what the time is until half past, or 30 minutes past the hour.
We use “to” tosay times before the hour from 31 minutes until the full hour.
In English we use o’clock only at the full hour.
Example: It’s eight o’clock
When speaking about the different times of the day weoften use: in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening. Be careful! In English we use at night NOT in the night
Let’s look at FIGURE 1 to better understand what I just explained:
• Weuse the term o’clock to refer to a full hour. Examples:
• We use the term half (mitad) to refer to 30 minuets. 30 is the limit to use “past” or “after”. Examples:
• We use theterm quarter to 15 minutes. It this is before 30 then we use “past” or “after”
• Similar to the last example. We use a quarter to refer to 15 minutes but it is after 30 so we use “to”.Examples:
• Remember to use “past” or “after” when the minutes are before 30.
• When it is after 30 minutes we DO NOT use “past” or “after”. WE USE “TO” and we point to theNEXT hour. Examples:
Use o'clock only at the full hour.
Example: 7:00 - seven o'clock (but 7:10 - ten past seven)
In English ordinary speech, the twelve-hour clock isused.Timetables usually use the twenty-four-hour clock. In spoken English, the twenty-four-hour clock is, however, only used in official announcements, but not in ordinary speech.[pic]
Beispiel: 17:20 - twentypast five
For times around midnight or midday you can use the expressions midnight or midday / noon instead of the number 12.
Beispiel: 00:00 - midnight
Beispiel: 12:00 - midday or noon
To makeclear (where necessary) whether you mean a time before 12 o'clock noon or after, you can use in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening, at night. Use in the morning before 12 o'clock noon,...