The BE verb Present and Past
BE is a special verb in English, and it has different rules from other verbs.
Here are some differences that are easy to see:
1. BE has no action. Most otherverbs (go, study, eat, sleep) show action
2. BE has many forms. They change with different subjects
I am You are He/She/It is
We are You (all) are They are
3. BE has different forms(irregular) for past tense
I was He/She It was
We were You were They were
There are other important points to remember about BE
1. Be verbs can be followed by these 3 kinds ofwords: nouns, adjectives, and
1. Noun: name of person, place, or thing: Who? What?
Cathy is a teacher.
Yoko is a student.
EdCC is a community college.
2. Adjective: tellsabout the noun: What kind of…? How is…?
Rashed is intelligent.
Lisa is tall.
Grammar is easy.
3. Preposition: tells about when or where
Grammar is at 12:00.
Cathy is fromCalifornia.
We are in MLT 141.
2. Making questions is different when BE is the verb. We don’t need a helping verb.
We use BE at the beginning of a yes/no question
He is intelligent.IS he intelligent?
We use BE after the question word
He is at home.
Where IS he?
He is a student?
What IS his job? (What does he do/)
Class is at 12:00What time IS class?
2. Making negatives with BE is also different. We don’t need a helping verb.
We use the BE verb + not
I’m not really crazy. am not-----’m not
You aren’t a lazystudent. are bit------aren’t
She isn’t here today. is not------isn’t
We aren’t homesick yet.
You aren’t lonely.
They aren’t students.
USING BE WITHADJECTIVES
Make sentences with the following information. The sentences may be SINGULAR or PLURAL.
Look at the example.
orange / kind of fruit / delicious
An orange is a delicious kind of...
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