They where from africa and europe, some of them indentured servants and some of them slaves, dutch west india company established a fur trading post on 1624 on an area called mana hatis , west new amsterdam 1620. they had reunion in taberns, indenture system, man hatis to make largerprofits the nwic acquired free labor, a few years later the first african slaves arrived to new amsterdam for the purpose of building the colony (the first eleven).
They are called atlantic creoles (Africa and europe) are the mixture of african european people, they spoke multiple languages and had european names, \
Virginia, massachussts and amsterdam there were no regulations for slavery
Theirwork is what is valuable not their person.
Dutch feared racial mixture so they brought african women into the colony for the comfort of the black men but as slaves as well to attend domestic tasks.
As slavery had no law, they could negociate their partial or total freedom by their wages.
1641 the first marriage between black people first took place, african slaves thought by making thesethey became christians and they could get their freedom, but nothing happened.
African americans were given arms to fight natives, so it appeared a fear that they would joing indians.
Half free blacks where not much different as enslaved ones, sometimes they helped them to buy their freedom
New amsterdam increased its population, maybe 20 percent of the colony were black
Chesapeaketobacco country was a society formed bu white and blacked slaves and indentured servants.
Every american colony was required to show results on England so the excessive labor was necessary, they first thought they could use native americans as free labor but his attempt was frustrated as the natives were more powerful than they thought and they resisted and even sometimes massacred people in thecolonies
The status of indentures whites and africans was pretty similar on the tobacco farms, their hard labor made tobacco the largest export. Slaves that attempted to run away were punished by adding years to their servitude.
They start to distinguish servants not because of their status but because of their color.
Race becomes a factor of importance for slavery, \ by 1665 maryland andnew york legalized slavery and declared all children born were to be declared bond or free according to his mother status.
Even when they were free they were mistreated because they were black.
They could not have education, move freely or own property.
So slavery substitues indentured slavery making it the principal economic system in america. Mass new jersey and maryland were societies ofslaves
Of the first 13 colinies carolina was the first slave society as it had slavery as its only way of economic production, the more slaves you had the more land you would get, the import of slaves from africa increased without measure they were brought by large numbers some of them died in the trip and they were thrown to the sea.
They were considered as goods, the most valuable were menyounger than 20 and the 2nd most valuable women younger than 20
By the 1720s slavery outnumbered whites by 2 to 1.
September 1739 on Charleston the first slave rebellion took place were a group of slaves slayed their white owners and other whites in the are, where other slaves joined them on their fight, unfortunately the Liutenant governor pursuits them, and extinguishes the rebellion. Theyare decapitated and put their heads on poles to send a message to other slaves.
They create a black code that regulates almost every aspect on their lives.
After the fire on Fort George in NY at 1741, started to fear it was a slave action so lots of black males 14 yo and older were sent to jail, “Quack” a slave married with the governor’s cook was the main suspect, it was unfairly accused...