THE EDUCATION SYSTEM IN ENGLAND
LEA: Local Education Authority
Municipal education service: local government department, the LEA provides services and schools. Also supports everything connected with special educational needs of each student
School for children ages 5 to 11 years
Junior / Infant school = J / I School
Another name for primary school
* Infant school forchildren of 5 to 7 years
* Junior school for children of 7 to 11 years
Secondary school students aged 12 to 16 years. When the school has a "sixth form"(is the year of the Bachelor and the previous year) can be studied in the same school until age 18. Also known as: "Comprehensive school.”
Sixth Form College
Institute that offers education up to Secondary Education(GCE-Advanced
Level - especially for students from secondary schools without sixth form).
NB: In England courses have a number in ascending order:
Class of children aged 5-6 years: 1st
Class of children aged 6-7 years: 2nd ...
The education system in England
In England, the current education system depends on laws enacted by Parliament. The most importantare The 1944 Education Act, The 1988 Education Reform Act and The 1993 Education Act.
93% of young people studying in public schools called "state schools" where education is free, the costs are paid by the central government and municipalities. 7%of youth are enrolled in independent or private schools (called "public schools"). Her parents pay for education.
From 5 to 16 years compulsory education before age 5 and after16 years, education is not compulsory but remains free until age 18
The stages of the education system
Within 5 years: all depends on the municipalities. The vast majority offer free early childhood education to children from his 3 years (parents of even younger children can pay for recreational activities in private childcare for example).
5-16 years: Compulsory education begins at age 5. In thevast majority of cases, children from 5 to 11 years are going to primary school and 11 to 16 years in high school.
All public school students, "state schools", follow the national curriculum approved by the Government (Parliament).
16-18 years: The non-compulsory education is usually taught in secondary schools with a sixth form or in the training institutes for highereducation called "Further Education / Sixth Form Colleges.”
After 18 years: Students may enroll in the university or other institute of higher learning. Students have to pay for college scholarships but are made available to families with modest incomes.
The national curriculum
Established by a law called The Education Reform Act 1988 this document was amended in 1995. It is what you should be taught in public schools.The period of compulsory education is divided into four main stages (key stages).
Key Stage 1 5-7 years
Key Stage 2 7-11 years
Key Stage 3 11-14 years
Key stage 4 14-16 years
During the first two stages, all children study English, mathematics, science, computing, history, geography, art, music, civics and physical education. During the third stage, study the same subjects and addinga foreign language and civic education.
During the fourth stage, all study English, mathematics, science, computer and physical education. Other optional courses may be chosen.
In addition, public schools must teach religious education (secondary level) sex education.
Continuous assessment and examinations
At the end of each key stage, provides an assessment of the level of children:
7years: English and math test
11 years: add a science test
14 years: same
16: Each subject studied is evaluated to obtain the CGSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education)
Young people who want to continue their education after the age of 16 chooses 3 or 4subjects will be evaluated to obtain the GCE A-Level (high school). Preparing this review for two years after approval may...
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