Perhaps one of the most accurate definition of what journalism is precisely given by the same P. Meyer when he says that the model of journalism "by instrument tracks and analyzes the contents of computer databases, or using polls and surveys to discover the reality. It can also be used, for example, to verify the dataprovided bypoliticians at election time ".
Therefore, it is a newspaper specializing in screening and survey methods of sociological research and public opinion, as well as official statistics on population censuses, etc..
This new model of journalism, also called tracking computer or database journalism,uses computers to examine databases and discovering new associations in listsstatisticalcorrelations and cross administrative partner information data on all types of computer documents.
Experts believe that this new formula of journalism is the most widely used media in the XXI century.
Features precision journalism
Despite being a new practice of journalism, journalism and accurate is a conceptual clarification andsome characteristics that differentiate it from other models ofjournalism: the precision journalism is characterized by:
- The use of figures in the evaluation of a social problem.
- No customization or description of an isolated, but the general description of a social problem.
- The essence of the report is to quantify the problem numerically analyzed.
- Does not have to be a hot topic.
- Based on theuse of a method of obtaining data to validate the numerical significance.
- The new journalism address the information as a narrative, literary elementsintroduced resource-author, interior monologues, in short, fictional narrative techniques. By contrast, the precision journalism and objective quantification usingscientific data to support their thesis.
"Dwight Morris is Directorof Computer Research and Computer Analysis of LosAngeles Times, but it was in the Atlanta Journal-Constitution when he acted as supervisor of a series of articles under the title of The Color of Money which won thePulitzer Prize in 1988 and allowed to demonstrate that the financial institutions in thecity of Atlanta customers discriminate racially in granting the credits."
In fact, the precisionjournalism was coined this name for the first time by Philip Meyerin 1973 when he published the said book Precision Journalism. A Reporter's Introduction to Social Science Methods.
History and development of database journalism
Computer programmer Adrian Holovaty wrote what is now considered the manifesto of database journalism in September2006. In this article, Holovaty explained that most material collected by journalists is "structured information: the type of information that can be sliced-and-diced, in an automated fashion, by computers". For him, a key difference between database journalism and traditional journalism is that the latter produces articles as the final product while the former produces databases of facts that arecontinually maintained and improved.
2007 saw a rapid development in database journalism. A December 2007 investigation by The Washington Post (Fixing DC's schools) aggregated dozens of items about over 135 schools in a database that distributed content on a map, on individual webpages or within articles.
The importance of database journalism was highlighted when the Knight Foundation awarded$1,100,000 to Adrian Holovaty's EveryBlock project, which offers local news at the level of city block, drawing from existing data. The Pulitzer prize received by the St. Petersburg Times' Politifact in April 2009 has been considered as a Color of Money moment by Aron Pilhofer head of the New York Times technology team, hinting that database journalism has been accepted by the trade and will...