Condicional sentences type 2
(If I had some money…)
When we imagine something which probably won’t happen, we use the second conditional to talk about it.
← We use a past tense verb in the if part of the sentence (the if-clause).
← We use would with the base form of the verb in the other part of the sentence (the main clause)
← When weput the if clause first, we usually use a comma (,) after it.
← We can also put the main clause first. We often use the short form of would (‘d.
← We can use might or could in the main clause in the main clause instead of would
← After if we often use were instead of was for all persons.
← I might have some old newspapers in my garage, if I sell them I willhave some money.
← I might go to the supermarket tonight or tomorrow, if my mom give me money.
← Would you like to come back later and pick up them?
← She might come this afternoon or she might come tomorrow morning.
← I might go to the drugstore, if my mother is sick.
(The photo I like best)
Who, which, thatand whose are relative pronouns. They introduce relative clauses.
← We use who for people
← We use which for things
← When who/which/that is the object of the relative clause, we can leave it out.
← To show possession we use whose.
← Prepositions (in, from, etc.) come at the end of the relative clause.
← I received an e-mail from aperson who works on a T.V show
← He has a friend who records a new group.
← I have an uncle who works in a shop.
← I have a cousin who lives in Spain.
← I have a grandmother who has 100 years old.
Need + -ing form; have/get something done
(it needs cutting)
After need we use the -ing form to say that something should be done to aperson or a thing.
Have/ get something done
← We use have + object + past participle to say that somebody does a job for us. We do not do it ourselves.
← Be careful with the word order.
← Sometimes get is used instead of have. It sometimes sounds more informal.
← Juan’s t-shirt needs cleaning.
← Maria’s hair needs ironing.
← Jose’scar needs cleaning.
← Regina’s hair needs combing.
← Kevin’s shoes needs washing.
Indirect questions; indirect commands and requests
(Nick told Ben)
← In indirect questions the word order is not the same as in direct questions. It is the same as in statements. We do not use do / does/ did to make indirect questions.We do not put a question mark at the end.
← If there is no question word (who, when, etc) in the direct question, we begin the indirect question with if or whether.
← Reporting verbs for indirect questions are ask, want to know, wonder. The change of tense is the same as for indirect statements.
o Direct speech Indirect speecho Present …… past
o Past …… past perfect
o Present perfect …… past perfect
o Past perfect …… no change
o Will …… would
o May …… might
o Shall …… should
o Can …… could
← Ifthere is a question word in the direct question, we repeat in the indirect question
← Indirect commands and requests:
← We form indirect commands with tell + person + to + infinitive
▪ we use not to for negative commands.
← We can make indirect requests with ask + person + to + infinitive
← You hurt yourself.
← He cured himself....