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  • Publicado : 9 de septiembre de 2012
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advice | His advice to continue was good. |
appeal | The appeal to reduce pollution was ineffective. |
attempt | Her attempt to locate them was unsuccessful. |
chance | In Britain, you will have a chance to improve your English. |
decision | The decision to increase taxes was not popular. |
desire | His desire to get a good job motivated him. |
dream | Herdream to become an actress was never realized. |
goal | His goal to run a marathon seemed unrealistic. |
motivation | Her motivation to enter university impressed them. |
need | Bob's need to be the center of attention was irritating. |
opportunity | The opportunity to live in New York interested Sandra. |
order | They followed the general's order to retreat. |
permission | Permissionto enter the area was difficult to get. |
plan | Sandy's plan to move to Madrid bothered her parents. |
preparation | NASA's preparations to launch on Monday moved forward. |
proposal | Her proposal to host the party impressed the committee. |
recommendation | His recommendation to close the school upset the community. |
refusal | Debra's refusal to help did not go unnoticed. |reminder | Her reminder to review the vocabulary helped me pass the test. |
request | Their request to participate was granted. |
requirement | Their requirement to speak four languages was unreasonable. |
suggestion | His suggestion to leave seemed like a good idea. |
tendency | His tendency to tap his desk during a test annoyed me. |
wish | Her wish to be treated normally was respected. |way | One way to improve your English is to read novels. |

1. Introduction:

When she was in Miami, she visited many friends.
She visited many friends when she was in Miami.

When she was in Miami: is an adverb clause.
Shevisited many friends: Independent clause.

An adverb clause cannot stand alone as a sentence. It must be
connected to an independent clause.

When an adverb clause precedes an independent clause, a
comma is used to separate the clauses.
When the adverb clause follows, usually nocomma is used.
Because she wanted to visit her friends, she went to Miami.
She went to Miami because she wanted to visit her friends.

Like when, because introduces an adverb clause.

The words used to introduce adverb clauses are
called subordinatingconjunction.

After, before, when, while, as by the time (that), whenever, since,
until, as soon as, once, as so long as.
Cause and effect:
Because, since, now that, as so long as, inasmuch as,
so (that), in order that.
Eventhough, although, though, whereas, while.
If, unless, only if, whether or not, even if, providing (that),
Provided (that), in case (that), in the event (that).

2.Time relationships with adverb clauses.
After she (had) came, she turned on the radio.After she comes, she will turn on the radio.

Before she came, she (had) turned on the radio.
Before she comes, she will turn on the radio.

The adverb clause contains a present tense while the
independent clause contains a future time.

When he came, she...
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