- What is a Joint Technology Initiative? The Seventh Framework Programme identifies Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs) as a means to support trans-national cooperation in industrial research. JTIs are legal entities which are proposed to be set up under Article 171 of the Treaty as a new way of realising public-private partnerships atEuropean level. JTIs arise primarily from the work of European Technology Platforms. In a small number of cases, European Technology Platforms have achieved such an ambitious scale and scope that they will require the mobilisation of high public and private investments as well as substantial research resources to implement important elements of their Strategic Research Agendas. JTIs are proposed as aneffective means of meeting the needs of this small number of European Technology Platforms. JTIs are critical to making a step change in promoting industry-driven research and development in Europe and to establish European leadership in future strategic technologies.
- In which areas will JTIs be set up? JTIs will be set up in fields of high industrial and policy significance. Based on athorough and rigorous identification process, six fields have been identified in the ‘Cooperation’ Specific Programme of the Seventh Framework Programme, where the setting up of a JTI could be of particular relevance: - Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (FCH) - Aeronautics and Air Transport (Clean Sky) - Innovative Medicines (IMI) - Nanoelectronics Technology 2020 (ENIAC) - Embedded Computing Systems (ARTEMIS)- Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES).
- How has the Commission identified the proposed JTIs? The Commission has defined a systematic and rigorous identification process to identify where the setting up of JTIs could be of particular relevance. In its proposal for the Seventh Framework Programme, the Commission set out a number of identification criteria for JTIs. Therecriteria were further developed in the Commission's report on European Technology Platforms and JTIs to the June 2005 European Council (SEC(2005) 800) and subsequently in the 'Cooperation' Specific Programme of the Seventh Framework Programme. The Specific Programme states that: "Joint technology initiatives are identified in an open and transparent way on the basis of a series of criteria including: —inability of existing instruments to achieve the objective, — scale of the impact on industrial competitiveness and growth, — added-value of European-level intervention, — the degree and clarity of definition of the objective and deliverables to be pursued,
— strength of the financial and resource commitment from industry, — importance of the contribution to broader policy objectives includingbenefit to society, — capacity to attract additional national support and leverage current or future industry funding."
- Will further JTIs be set up under the Seventh Framework Programme? Six areas where the setting up of a JTI could be of particular relevance have been identified in the ‘Cooperation’ Specific Programme of the Seventh Framework Programme. These will serve as test cases, onthe basis of which this new mechanism can be assessed. Therefore, at this stage, it is not intended to propose further initiatives, however the situation could be reconsidered on the occasion of the mid-term review of the Seventh Framework Programme.
- How will JTIs be launched under the Seventh Framework Programme? In November 2006, the European Commission developed a roadmap in which isreconfirms the six areas and establishes the process leading to the presentation of JTI proposals to Council. This indicates that proposals will be presented when they have reached a sufficiently advanced state of preparedness. This is assessed on the basis of two inputs: demonstration from industry that the 'keys for success' (which relate to additionality, market failure, governance and role of...