Las 100 recomendaciones mas importantes en la industria de la construccion

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The 100 Most Frequently Cited OSHA Construction Standards in1991: A Guide for the Abatement of the Top 25 Associated Physical Hazards
U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration March 1995 (Reprinted)

PUBLICATION DISCLAIMER – OSHA’s 100 Most Frequently Cited Standards: The information contained in this document was correct at the time of publication in 1991.Several standards have changed since that time. The current standards may be viewed by selecting this hyperlink: http://www.osha-slc.gov/OshStd_toc/OSHA_Std_toc_1926.html There have been technological advances in safety equipment, and some of the acceptable abatement methods indicated are no longer the safest means to protect the worker. The current standards (link to standards) and Interpretations(http://www.osha-slc.gov/OshDoc/toc_interps.html) will assist you in determining the best examples to use for your training.

Material contained in this publication is in the public domain and may be reproduced, fully or partially, without permission of the Federal Government. Source credit is requested but not required. The information contained in this publication is not considered a substitutefor any provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by OSHA. This report was written by Michael L. Marshall, Civil Engineer Charles Handesty, Construction Safety Specialist

This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon, request. Voice phone: (202)219-8644; TDD message referral phone: 1-800-326-2577

The 100 MostFrequently Cited OSHA Construction Standards in1991: A Guide for the Abatement of the Top 25 Associated Physical Hazards
U.S. Department of Labor Robert B. Reich, Secretary Occupational Safety and Health Administration Joseph A. Dear, Assistant Secretary Office of Construction and Engineering Bruce Swanson, Director March 1995 (Reprinted)

For sale by the U.S. Government Printing OfficeSuperintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328 ISBN 0-16-048011-6

TABLE OF CONTENTS Page
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT…………………………………………………………………………… ABSTRACT…………………………………………………………………………………………. SIMPLIFIED FLOW CHARTS OF CONTENTS OF REPORT………………………………… 1.0 INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………….. 2.0 THE 100 MOST FREQUENTLY CITED OSHA CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3.0 4.0 100 MOST CITED PHYSICAL LIST FORMAT AND USE OF GUIDE 4.1 USE OF GUIDE 4.2 FORMAT GUIDE FOR THE ABATEMENT OF TH E TOP 25 MOST CITED PHYSICAL HAZARDS……………………………………………………………………………………. 5.1 THE TOP 25 GUIDE SHEETS 5.2 CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS FOR GUARDRAILS AND TOEBOARDS…………………………………………………………………... 5.3 REFERENCES……………………………………………………………………….. v vii ix 1 5 17 27 27 28

5.0

31 31 82 84 87

INDEX…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

iii

CONTENTS(CONTINUED) LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES Page
FIGURE 1-1 TABLE 2-1 EMPLOYER’S SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM 100 MOST CITED CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS IN AND THEIR RELATIVE RANKING TO 1991 THE MOST CITED CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS IN 1991 BY PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL VIOLATIONS FREQUENCY OF PROGRAMMATIC VS. PHYSICAL VIOLATIONS: 100 MOST CITED VIOLATIONS IN 1991 DISTRIBUTION OF THE 100 MOSWT FREQUENTLY CITED STANDARDSBY SUBPART LIST OF THE 100 MOST FREQUENTLY CITED OSHA CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS RELATED TO PHYSICAL HAZRDS IN 1991 GROUPING BY SUBMECT OF 100 MOST CITED PHYSICAL STANDARDS COMBINED STANDARDS BY SUBJECT MATTER FROM THE LIST OF 100 PHYSICAL STANDARDS IN 1991 MINIMUM SPECIFICATIONS FOR GUARDRAIL SYSTEMS MINIMUM SPECIFICATIONS FOR TOEBOARDS 4

7

TABLE 2-2

12

FIGURE 2-1

14

FIGURE 2-2

15TABLE 3-1

18

TABLE 3-2

22

TABLE 3-3

23 82 83

TABLE 5.2-1 TABLE 5.2-2

iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Staff from the OSHA National Office provided assistance in preparing this report. The following directors and their staffs provided information, review and comments for the report: Roy Gurnham from the Office...
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