Phrasal verbs

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A phrasal verb is a combination of a verb and a preposition, a verb and an adverb, or a verb with both an adverb and a preposition, any of which are part of the syntax of thesentence, and so are a complete semantic unit. A phrasal verb often has a meaning which is different from the original verb.

A phrasal verb contains either a preposition or an adverb (or both), and mayalso combine with one or more nouns or pronouns.

Particle verbs

Phrasal verbs are made of:
verb + Adverb.

Phrasal verbs can be:
• intransitive (no direct object)
•transitive (direct object)

Here are some examples of phrasal verbs:
| |phrasal verbs |meaning |examples |
|| | | |direct object |
|intransitive |get up |rise from bed |I don'tlike to get up. | |
|phrasal verbs | | | | |
||break down |cease to function |He was late because his car broke down. | |
|transitive phrasal|put off |postpone |We willhave to put off |the meeting. |
|verbs | | | | |
||turn down |refuse |They turned down |my offer. |

Prepositional verbs

Prepositional verbs are made of:
verb +preposition

Because a preposition always has an object, all prepositional verbs have direct objects. Here are some examples of prepositional verbs:

|prepositional verbs |meaning...
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