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Selective Remembrances

Selective Remembrances
Archaeology in the Construction, Commemoration, and Consecration of National Pasts

EDITED BY PHILIP L. KOHL, MARA KOZELSKY, AND NACHMAN BEN-YEHUDA

The University of Chicago Press

Chicago and London

P H I L I P L . K O H L is professor of anthropology and the Kathryn W. Davis Professor of Slavic Studies at Wellesley College and theauthor of Central Asia: Paleolithic Beginnings to the Iron Age and The Making of Bronze Age Eurasia. M A R A K O Z E L S K Y is assistant professor of history at the University of South Alabama. N A C H M A N B E N - Y E H U D A is professor of sociology at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and the author of Deviance and Moral Boundaries: Witchcraft, the Occult, Science Fiction, Deviant Sciencesand Scientists, published by the University of Chicago Press, and Sacrificing Truth: Archaeology and the Myth of Masada. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago 60637 The University of Chicago Press, Ltd., London © 2007 by The University of Chicago All rights reserved. Published 2007 Printed in the United States of America 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 09 08 07 ISBN-13: 978-0-226-45058-2 (cloth) ISBN-13:978-0-226-45059-9 (paper) ISBN-10: 0-226-45058-9 (cloth) ISBN-10: 0-226-45059-7 (paper) Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Selective remembrances : archaeology in the construction, commemoration, and consecration of national pasts / edited by Philip L. Kohl, Mara Kozelsky, and Nachman Ben-Yehuda. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-13: 978-0-226-45058-2 (cloth: alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-226-45058-9 (cloth : alk. paper) ISBN-13: 978-0-226-45059-9 (pbk : alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-226-45059-7 (pbk : alk. paper) 1. Archaeology— Political aspects—Case studies. 2. Archaeology and state—Case studies. 3. Nationalism—Case studies. 4. Historiography—Political aspects— Case studies. 5. Memory—Political aspects—Case studies. I. Kohl, Philip L., 1946– II. Kozelsky,Mara. III. Ben-Yehuda, Nachman. CC135.S45 2008 930.1—dc22


1 2 3 4 5

2007017497

The paper used in this publication meets the minimum requirements

of the American National Standard for Information Sciences— Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI Z39.48–1992.

ZAAL KIKODZE

This volume is dedicated to the memory of Zaal Kikodze. His entire life was devoted to thepromotion of intercultural understanding and the resolution of ethnic and national conflicts. Zaliko distinguished justifiable national pride from xenophobic chauvinism. He recognized our interdependence on one another and our participation in an intricately interconnected past and shared future.

Contents
Introduction Selective Remembrances: Archaeology in the Construction, Commemoration, andConsecration of National Pasts
PHILIP L. KOHL, MARA KOZELSKY, AND NACHMAN BEN-YEHUDA

1

Part One: Russia and Eastern Europe
1

Russian Response Archaeology, Russian Nationalism, and the “Arctic Homeland”
VICTOR A. SHNIRELMAN

31

2

The Challenges of Church Archaeology in Post-Soviet Crimea 71
MARA KOZELSKY

3

The Writing of Caucasian Albania Facts and Falsifications
MURTAZALI S.GADJIEV

99

4

Archaeology and Nationalism in The History of the Romanians 127
GHEORGHE ALEXANDRU NICULESCU

Part Two: The Near East
5

The Rise of the Hittite Sun A Deconstruction of Western Civilization from the Margin
WENDY SHAW

163

6

The Sense of Belonging The Politics of Archaeology in Modern Iraq
MAGNUS T. BERNHARDSSON

189

7

The Name Game The Persian Gulf,Archaeologists, and the Politics of Arab-Iranian Relations
KAMYAR ABDI

206

Part Three: Israel/Palestine
8

Excavating Masada The Politics-Archaeology Connection at Work
NACHMAN BEN-YEHUDA

247

9

Recovering Authenticity West-Bank Settlers and the Second Stage of National Archaeology
MICHAEL FEIGE

277

10

Appropriating the Past Heritage, Tourism, and Archaeology in...
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