La prueba de ingles se encuentra organizada en los siguientes grupos de preguntas: • • • • • Construcción de oraciones Construcción de párrafos Interpretación de gráficas Situaciones comunicativas Comprensión de textos.
Banco de Preguntas de Idioma Extranjero Inglés
COMPRENSIÓN DE TEXTOS
1-3 Many major cities in the world today have large populations of peoplewho have recently arrived; they have emigrated from other countries. Perhaps you, too, have left a familiar place to come to a new city or a new country. Or you may live in a city where there are large numbers of newcomers. Adapting to a new place forces people to seek out new friends, face new problems, and often learn a new language. 1. The underlined word who is related to A. B. C. D. cities.people. major. countries.
2. The underlined words seek out can be replaced by A. B. C. D. give up. look for. take care. find out.
3. According to the text, A. B. C. D. people are forced to leave their native countries. major cities of the world have received many visitors. people have immigrated to other countries due to overpopulation. living in a new place implies many changes forimmigrants.
4-6 People are living longer in the United States. As a result, more and more middle aged adults are becoming caretakers of their aging parents. When their parents can no longer care for themselves, these adults stay at home to care for them in much the same way they cared for their own children. Playing the role of "parent sitter" is quite difficult and frustrating. For example, an agingparent may become blind. No longer able to see, the old person needs his or her children to perform many every day jobs. Another example is the parent who becomes brain damaged during the aging process. Natural roles are then reversed, as children are forced to care for their parents as if their parents were children. 4. The underlined words middle aged can be replaced by A. B. C. D. very youngpeople. ancient people. very old people. people in their 50's.
5. According to the text, the underlined words "parent sitter" refer to a person who A. B. C. D. takes care of his/her father or mother. loves and works for his/her family. looks after his/her children. likes helping his/her relatives.
6. The main idea of this text is: A. B. C. D. Sons and daughters take care of their parents becauseof longevity. Children do not like to take care of their parents. The natural roles of parents and children have changed throughout history. Parents stay at home to take care of their children. 7-9
The United States is now becoming a non-smoking society. Across the country, hundreds of towns and cities, and even entire states, are passing strict laws to control the sale and use of cigarettes.In New York, for example, smoking is illegal in public buildings, hospitals, schools, banks, stores, movie theaters, taxi-cabs, and restrooms, to name a few places. In addition, smoking is prohibited anywhere in the U.S. on airline flights that last two hours or less. And now many private companies have also made rules prohibiting cigarette smoking. At least 40% of American companies restrictsmoking by their employees. Company policies are mostly of three kinds: they prohibit smoking by employees when they are working, they hire only non-smokers, or they force workers who smoke to quit smoking. 7. The underlined sentence they force workers who smoke to quit smoking means that A. B. C. D. workers are hired because they smoke. workers have to give up smoking if they want to continueworking. workers are required to smoke if they want to continue working. workers are fired because they smoke.
8. According to the text, we can infer that A. none of the company policies ban smoking. B. all of the company policies ban smokers. C. the first policy bans smoking, and the other two, ban smokers. D. the first and second policies ban smokers, and the last one bans smoking. 9. According...