The Bible is a collection of sacred scripture of Judaism and Christianity. The Hebrew Bible contains 24 books that were rearranged into 39 byChristian denominations, while complete Christian Bibles range from the 66 books of the Protestant canon to 81 books in the Ethiopian Orthodox Bible.
TheHebrew Bible, is divided into three parts:
(1) the five books of the Torah ("teaching" or "law") comprise the origins of the Israelite nation, its laws andits covenant with the God of Israel.
(2) the Nevi'im ("prophets") containing the historic account of ancient Israel and Judah plus works of prophecy.(3) the Ketuvim ("writings"), poetic and philosophical works such as the Psalms and the Book of Job. Christian Bibles include the books of the HebrewBible, but arranged in a different fashion: Hebrew Scripture ends with the people of Israel restored to Jerusalem and the temple and the Christianarrangement ends with the book of the prophet Malachi.
The Christian Bible is divided into two parts. The first is called the Old Testament, containing the 39 booksof Hebrew Scripture, and the second part is called the New Testament, containing a set of 27 books.
The Old and New Testaments together are commonlyreferred to as "The Holy Bible”. Protestants hold only the books of the Hebrew Bible to be canonical; Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox additionallyconsider the deuterocanonical books, a group of Jewish books, to be canonical. The New Testament is composed of the Gospels ("good news").