Although there were attempts to colonize for instance in 1642 by Abel Tasman, a Dutch navigator, until the XVII century there was no colonization no immigrants in New Zealand land -whichcomprises two main islands, the North and South islands, and a number of small islands- it was an independent society, highly separately from the world.
In 1769, Captain James Cook, a British navalcaptain, navigator, and explorer enter to New Zealand. He studied the Maori culture, their territory and the suitability of it for colonization. Whalers, sealers, and other Europeans seeking profit wereinitially welcomed by the Maori. With the introduction of muskets, disease, Western agricultural methods, and missionaries, Maori culture and social structure began to disintegrate.
Later the 6th ofFebruary of 1840 was created the Treaty of Waitangi. This treaty stipulated that the Maori ceded their sovereignty to the Queen of England in exchange for the Queen’s protection and the granting toMaori people of all citizenship rights, privileges and duties enjoyed by citizens of England. The treaty guaranteed the Maori possession of their land and stipulated that they could only sell theirland to the Crown. The Queen’s agent would then sell the land to settlers in an orderly and fair fashion.
The government pressed on with developing the colony. The Constitution Act of 1852 divided NewZealand into six states that administered local governments and took control over the responsibility for land purchases and sales. Many disputes involving land sales resulted in tribal conflict. Sothere were taken many combats between the Maori and the settlers that arrived to New Zealand. These all combats were named The Maori Wars. The main two wars were the Taranaki Wars.In 1859 Te Teira, aMaori of the Taranaki area, sold his Waitara River land to the colonial government without the consent of his tribe, precipitating the First Taranaki War (1860–61). Only the extremist wing of the King...