Páginas: 79 (19596 palabras) Publicado: 17 de octubre de 2012


The Human Body
The student has 1. constructed sets of objects lesser than or equal to 100 2. added and subtracted with single-digit addends 3. found linear measurements in inches and centimeters 4. estimated linear measurements 5. drawn circles, squares, ellipses and rectangles

Prior Knowledge

Mathematics, Science and Language Objectives
Mathematics The student will 1. counttallys and convert to numbers 2. collect data by counting, adding and subtracting 3. make appropriate number comparisons 4. measure height in inches and centimeters to nearest 1/2 unit 5. write and solve original addition and subtraction problems that appropriately describe and compare lengths and volume 6. estimate linear measurements 7. make and read a graph summarizing collected data 8.identify and draw geometric shapes. Science The student will 1. describe several ways people change as they grow 2. identify and describe characteristics of the human body 3. using a body diagram: a. explain how the heart pumps blood throughout the body b. describe the functions of the liver, kidneys and skin c. locate and give function of muscles and bones d. describe the body parts that help digestione. discuss the function of the brain f. describe the reproductive function of the body. Language The student will 1. read or refer to a favorite story or book on the human body 2. ask related questions on the human body 3. report verbally on a function of any of the human body parts 4. sequence the events of a body function 5. work with a peer to write an illustrated story about a body function. 2

Unit 1 The Human Body



Unit 1 The Human Body


graph gráfica legs piernas windmill molino lungs pulmones liver hígado cells célula pancreas páncreas growth desarrollo feet pies breathing rate índice de respiración capacity capacidad kidneys riñón gall bladder vesícula biliar spinal cord médula espinal head cabeza physical físicoheartbeat latido cardiaco volume volumen intestines intestinos waste excremento neck cuello arms brazos bones huesos skull cráneo stomach estómago bladder vejiga hands manos knees rodillas muscles músculos brain cerebro nerves nervios spleen bazo

reproductive organs órganos reproductivos

Teacher Background Information
The study of the human body can be a very enlightening and, thereby, a veryrewarding experience for a young child. Although all of us believe we are familiar with our individual bodies, we may also feel that they are mysterious. As we look at ourselves in the mirror we see some of our body parts, but we know that there are other parts or organs that we cannot see, even as they function. We learn to manage many of the body’s functions at a conscious level — such as throughmovement and thought. However, there are other functions that our bodies perform unconsciously. These unconscious actions such as the beating of our hearts, respiration and digestion are generally not observable. Young children have a natural curiosity about their bodies. This curiosity can motivate them to learn about the human body. Students will find it interesting to measure body temperaturewith a thermometer, especially if they develop some notion for the basis of its use. The basic principle in its operation is that matter usually expands as it absorbs heat. Thermometers contain a substance that readily expands when heated. Mercury, in its liquid state, and alcohol are substances that expand as they absorb heat. Since mercury is more expensive than alcohol, most inexpensivethermometers contain colored alcohol to give the temperature reading. A thermometer scale for the ambient temperature is marked in units called degrees (˚), shown in multiples of 10. The reference points of a thermometer are


Unit 1 The Human Body

usually the freezing and boiling points of water. To measure body temperature, however, oral thermometers show scales between 92˚ and 105˚ F. Each...
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