Biografia Isaac Newton

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Isaac Newton
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sir Isaac Newton |
Godfrey Kneller's 1689 portrait of Isaac Newton
(age 46) |
Born | 25 December 1642
[NS: 4 January 1643][1]Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth
Lincolnshire, England |
Died | 20 March 1727 (aged 84)
[NS: 31 March 1727][1]
Kensington, Middlesex, England |
Residence | England |
Nationality | English |
Fields |Physics, mathematics, astronomy, natural philosophy, alchemy, Christian theology |
Institutions | University of Cambridge
Royal Society
Royal Mint |
Alma mater | Trinity College, Cambridge |Academic advisors | Isaac Barrow[2]
Benjamin Pulleyn[3][4] |
Notable students | Roger Cotes
William Whiston |
Known for | Newtonian mechanics
Universal gravitation
Infinitesimal calculus
OpticsBinomial series
Newton's method
Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica |
Influences | Henry More[5]
Polish Brethren[6] |
Influenced | Nicolas Fatio de Duillier
John Keill |
His mother was Hannah Ayscough. His half-niece was Catherine Barton. |
Sir Isaac Newton PRS (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727 [NS: 4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727])[1] was an Englishphysicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian, who has been "considered by many to be the greatest and most influential scientist who ever lived."[7] His monographPhilosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, lays the foundations for most of classical mechanics. In this work, Newton described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion,which dominated the scientific view of the physical universe for the next three centuries. Newton showed that the motions of objects on Earth and of celestial bodies are governed by the same set ofnatural laws, by demonstrating the consistency between Kepler's laws of planetary motion and his theory of gravitation, thus removing the last doubts about heliocentrism and advancing the Scientific...
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