Child Sexual Abuse: Understanding the Issues
Jane F. Gilgun, Ph.D., LICSW Alankaar Sharma, MSW University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, USA email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
definitions,healthy adult-child relationships, types of sexual abuse, prevalence, social forces that account for child sexual abuse, the effects of child sexual abuse, what sexual abuse means to child survivors,what sexual abuse means to perpetrators, do survivors become perpetrators, and factors associated with recovery from child sexual abuse.
Abuse of power Another person takes advantageGoal: gratification
Not sexual play between consenting generational equals
Healthy Adult-Child Relationships
sensitive, responsive emotionally available respectschildren’s capacities
reciprocal interactions internalize type of caregiving received respects adult authority taught to resist abuse of authority
Incest Child molestation
Bypersons children/family know By strangers (least common)
• Direct contact • Through internet
Child pornography Prostitution & child trafficking Sexualizing children
At least 20% of all girls At least 10% of all boys More than 900 million survivors worldwide
Social Forces that Account for Child Sexual Abuse
Children’s status Entitlement, often genderedSexual and emotional gratification of perpetrators Minimization of effects on survivors Victim-blaming & silencing of survivors Taboos sexual abuse and healthy sexuality Myths about perpetratorsFinancial gain, Underfunded prevention efforts.
Wide variation Depend on
Other adversities children have experienced Resources available to survivors Sensitive, responsive care providers
DoSurvivors Become Perpetrators?
Most do not
Have resources and protective processes that they put to work
Most perpetrators were not sexually abused
Many use sexual stimulation to cope with...
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