Common diseases of the urinary system

Páginas: 2 (422 palabras) Publicado: 8 de abril de 2011
Common diseases
* Urinary Bladder cancer
Causes: The most common type of bladder cancer, urothelial carcinoma, is very strongly associated with cigarette smoking.
Sign and symptoms: The mostcommon symptom of bladder cancer is bleeding in the urine. Some types of bladder cancer may cause irritative symptoms of the bladder with little or no bleeding.
Prevention: Don’t smoke.
Treatment:in these cases may involve observation with regular follow-up with cystoscopy examinations of the bladder, instillation of medications in the bladder, or in certain cases, surgical removal of thebladder.

* Kidney Cancer
Causes: Kidney cancer develops most often in people over 40, but no one knows the exact causes of this disease.
Sign and symptoms: Blood in the urine, weight loss andfever.
Prevention: Don’t being obese and don’t smoke
Treatment: People with kidney cancer may have surgery, arterial embolization, radiation therapy, biological therapy, or chemotherapy.

* Rockkidney
Causes: It is a chunk of solid material that is formed inside the kidney.
Sign and symptoms: Obstruction to the flow of urine
Prevention: Drink more water, follow a diet, or take somemedicines.
Treatment: 95 per cent of the calculations placed in the ureter they are expelled spontaneously in 3 or 4 weeks.

* Renal Insufficiency:
Causes: occurs when the blood supply to the kidneysis suddenly interrupted.
Sign and symptoms: High levels of urea in the blood, vomiting, nausea, and nocturnal urination
Prevention: avoiding medicines and other situations that may cause acute renalfailure.
Treatment: Support the kidneys until they have healed and can work properly, Prevent or treat any complications caused by acute renal failure.

* Cistitis
Causes: Inflammation of theurinary bladder.
Sign and symptoms: Sensation of having desire of urinating and not being able, Presence of pus in the urine, Urine of abnormal aspect.
Prevention: Not to bear the urine, take care...
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