American War of Independence1775-1783 :
The American War of Independence, also known as the American Revolutionary War, was a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the thirteen colonieson the North American continent. The goal of the war was to keep the colonies, Americans, in the British Empire. The War of Independence could be summed up as a civil war fought on foreign soil.Causes of the War :
The War of Independence started from collective legal complaints by the colonies against British rule and communities against opression by government and other authorities. TheBritish thought that American lands were providing raw materials to Britain and consumers of British manufactured goods. This feeling expressed itself in an increasing control and restriction of Americantrade and industry.
In contrast, the colonies thought that they must not be restricted by decisions made 3,000 miles away across the Atlantic. In addition, Britain attempted to limit furtherexpansion by the colonies. This limit on their expansion caused much discontent among the colonies, including George Washington. The next increase in the tension came in 1765 with the Stampt Act. The act wasthe first direct taxation to be imposed on the colonies from London.
Besides all of these causes, the main cause of the war was the British government intending on gaining total control of thecolonies which were against British rule.
1775 The War Begins :
The first shots of the war were fired in massachusetts in 1775. When the war began, the colonies did not have a professional army ornavy. Each colony provided for its own defenses through the use of militias, who were not professional soldiers but had military training. Seeking to coordinate militiary efforts, a regular army wasestablished, and George Washington was appointed as commander.
Disadvantages of Both Sides :
Although the British had sufficient troops to defeat the Americans, they had much more disadvantages...
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