15 Immutable Laws Of Project Management
1. No major project is ever completed on time, within budget, with the same staff that started it, nor doesthe project do what it is supposed to do. It is highly unlikely that yours will be the first.
1. The benefits will be smaller than initially estimated, if estimates were made at all.2. The system finally installed will be completed late and will not do what it is supposed to do.
3. It will cost more but will be technically successful.
2. One advantage of fuzzy projectobjectives is that they let you avoid embarrassment in estimating the corresponding costs.
3. The effort required to correct a project that is off course increases geometrically with time.
Corollarys:1. The longer you wait the harder it gets.
2. If you wait until the project is completed, its too late.
3. Do it now regardless of the embarrassment.
4. The project purpose statement you wroteand understand will be seen differently by everyone else.
1. If you explain the purpose so clearly that no one could possibly misunderstand, someone will.
2. If you do somethingthat you are sure will meet everyone's approval, someone will not like it.
5. Measurable benefits are real. Intangible benefits are not measurable, thus intangible benefits are not real.
Corollarys:1. Intangible benefits are real if you can prove that they are real.
6. Anyone who can work effectively on a project part-time certainly does not have enough to do now.
1. If aboss will not give a worker a full-time job, you shouldn't either.
2. If the project participant has a time conflict, the work given by the full-time boss will not suffer.
7. The greater theproject's technical complexity, the less you need a technician to manage it.
1. Get the best manager you can. The manager will get the technicians.
2. The reverse of corollary 1 is almost...
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