Republic of Mali |
Location: | Is a landlocked country in Western Africa. Mali borders Algeria on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso and the Côte d'Ivoire on the south, Guinea on thesouth-west, and Senegal and Mauritania on the west. |
Geography characteristics: | It lies between latitudes 10° and 25°N, and longitudes 13°W and 5°E. At 1,240,000 square kilometers (479,000 sq mi),Mali is the world's 24th-largest country.Mali is mostly flat, rising to rolling northern plains covered by sand. The country's climate ranges from tropical in the south to arid in the north. Most of thecountry receives negligible rainfall; droughts are frequent. Late June to early December is the rainy season. |
Population: | Mali's population was an estimated 14.5 million. The population ispredominantly rural 68, and 5–10% of Malians are nomadic.In 2007, about 48% of Malians were less than fifteen years old, 49% were 15–64 years old, and 3% were 65 and older. The median age was 15.9 years. |Form of government: | Mali is a constitutional democracy governed by the Constitution of January 12, 1992, which was amended in 1999. The constitution provides for a separation of powers amongthe executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government.The system of government can be described as "semi-presidential.Mali President Amadou Toumani Touré |
Religion: | An estimated 90% ofMalians are Muslim (mostly Sunni and Sufi), approximately 5% are Christian (about two-thirds Roman Catholic and one-third Protestant) and the remaining 5% adhere to indigenous or traditional animistbeliefs. Atheism and agnosticism are believed to be rare among Malians, most of whom practice their religion on a daily basis. |
Currency: | The currency of Mali is The West African CFAfranc. The acronymCFA stands for Communauté financière d'Afrique ("Financial Community of Africa"). The currency is issued by the BCEAO (Banque Centrale des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, "Central Bank of the West...
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