New zealand

Páginas: 6 (1391 palabras) Publicado: 27 de junio de 2011


Motto: none, formerly Onward


New Zealand has a modern, prosperous and developed market economy with an estimated gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita of roughly US$28,250.[n 10] The New Zealand dollar, informally known as the "Kiwi dollar", is the currency of NewZealand.
Historically, extractive industries have contributed strongly to New Zealand's economy, focusing at different times on sealing, whaling, flax, gold, kauri gum, and native timber.
High demand for agricultural products from the United Kingdom and the United States helped New Zealanders achieve higher living standards than both Australia and Western Europe in the 1950s and 1960s.
Nearlyone quarter of highly-skilled workers live overseas, most in Australia and Britain, the most from any developed nation.. In recent years, however, a "brain gain" has brought educated professionals from Europe and it helped to develop the country.


English is the predominant language in New Zealand, spoken by 98 percent of the population.[3] New Zealand English is similar to AustralianEnglish. It has recently undergone a process of revitalisation,[239][240] being declared one of New Zealand's official languages in 1987,[241] and is spoken by 4.1 percent of the population.[3] There are now Māori language immersion schools and two Māori Television channels.There is another spoken non- official language, the Samoan (2.3 percent),[n 12] followed by French, Hindi, Yue and NorthernChinese. New Zealand Sign Language is used by approximately 28,000 people and was made New Zealand's third official language in 2006.

Education and Religion

Primary and secondary schooling is compulsory for children aged 6 to 16. There are 13 school years and attending public schools is free. New Zealand has an adult literacy rate of 99 percent,[124] and over half of the population aged 15to 29 hold a tertiary qualification. The adults receive a bachelor's degree or higher, some form of secondary qualification as their highest qualification and no formal qualification.
Christianity is the predominant religion in New Zealand. And we can find other religions like Anglicanism, Presbyterianism and Methodism. Also a significant percentage numbers of Christians who identify themselveswith Pentecostal, Baptist, and Latter-day Saint churches.
Government of New Zealand.
New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy. It has a head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, who is the Queen of New Zealand. She is represented by the governor-general, whom she appoints on the advice of the Prime Minister. The powers of the Queen and the Governor-General are limited byconstitutional restrictions and they can not be exercised without the advice of Cabinet. The parliament of New Zealand holds legislative Powers and consists of the Sovereign (represented by the Governor- General) and the House of Representatives. There is some supremacy of the house over the sovereign; it has been established as law in New Zealand. The House of Representatives is democratellyelected and the Government is formed from the party or coalition with the majority of seats. The Governor-General appoints ministers under advice from the Prime Minister, who is by convention the Parliamentary leader of the governing party or coalition. Cabinet is formed by ministers and led by the Prime Minister. Judges and Judicial officers are appointed non-politically and under strict rules to helpmaintain constitutional independence from the government. The Judiciary, is headed by the Chief Justice, and includes the Court of Appeal, the High Court and Subordinate Courts.

1) New Zealand means, "Land of the long white cloud"
2) A kiwi is not a fruit – it is New Zealand’s native flightless bird (pictured above) and a slang term for a New Zealander. Kiwis call the fruit...
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