Páginas: 5 (1008 palabras) Publicado: 3 de abril de 2011
|Research into suicide has typically focused on adults. The findings derived from evaluating prepubertal and adolescent suicide |
|will have strong implications on how mental health experts devise preventative programs. The question is how can clinicians best |
|serve these age groups. Choices include inpatient or outpatient treatment or follow-up care. Clinicians differentiate among three|
|distinct groups, which are those who attempt suicide, those with suicidal ideation and those who committed suicide. |
| |
|These research studies attempted to find commonalities between these three groups and a control group. The mental state, affect|
|and behaviors of both groups were compared. The Shaffer study (Shaffer, was based on a group of 120 subjects under the age|
|of twenty who had committed suicide, and a control group of 147 subjects. The control group was matched in age and ethnicity. They|
|resided in the same geographic area as the suicide victims.|
| |
|The parent or main caretaker of each suicide victim was questioned about psychiatric conditions and treatment the decedent |
|received prior to his death. Had the deceased expressed a wish to die? Had he devised a plan or experienced suicidalideation? Had|
|he previously attempted suicide? |
| |
|The autopsy reports were studied to determine content of alcohol or drugs in the system at the time of death. Anassessment of |
|possible indicators such as behavior problems, hyperactivity, depression, expressions of hopelessness and anhedonia. Educators and|
|clinicians were asked for an opinion on the victim's mental state just prior to the suicide. |
|Nock and Kazdin examined affect, cognition and behavioral  factors and evaluated the relationship to ideation, intent and actual |
|attempts. Three factors remained statistically significant both before and after controls for depression were considered. All |
|subjects in the suicidal group scored higher on tests for depressed mood, hopelessness and negative automaticthoughts. Those who|
|reported an actual suicide attempt scored higher on a test for anhedonia than those who reported suicidal ideation alone. |
| |
|The summary (Shaffer, proposed a need for specific guidelines to be used by clinicians when evaluating anddevising |
|treatment methods for children and adolescents who have attempted suicide or expressed suicidal ideation. The findings are based |
|on previous research studies involving adults and, when possible, children and adolescents. A review of all research and the |
|autopsies of those who successfully committed suicide revealed the diagnostic and treatment methods deemed mostlikely to produce |
|positive results. |
| |
|Self-reporting by the children can be unproductive due to that age group's inability to understand and...
Leer documento completo

Regístrate para leer el documento completo.

Estos documentos también te pueden resultar útiles

  • El suicidio
  • El suicidio
  • Suicidios
  • Suicidio
  • Suicidio
  • suicidio
  • suicidio

Conviértase en miembro formal de Buenas Tareas