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  • Publicado : 25 de febrero de 2012
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Index :

Introduction 3
* Birth Of Argentina 4
Argentina 5
* Flag 6
* Capital 7
* Population 8
* Government 9
* Money 10
* National anthem 11
Physical geography 12
* Geographic Regions 13 - 18
* Climate 19
* Bodies Of Water 20 - 22
Important Topics 23
* Economy 24
* Religion 25
* Language 26
* Holidays 27
*Clothing 28
* Sports 29
* Music and Dance 30
* Food and Drinks 31
* Fauna y Flora 32 - 33
Conclusion 34

The first inhabitants of the present argentine territory where indigenous people, who, congregated in tribes, developed their respective culture at different extents. In the XVI century the arrival of the Spanish conquerors brought their own costumes andvalues, thus generating a cultural convergence of everlasting dimensions, not without pain in some cases and cooperation in others. South America indigenous people and mixed race people have thus shape the conformation of the local population. In the second half of XIX century and the first half of the XX century, an important flow of immigrants predominantly of European origin took place, whatconstitutes another fundamental pillar at the time of defining the essence of “what is Argentinean”, after product of a true “crucible of races”.
European first arrived in the region with the 1502 voyage of Amerigo Vespucci. The Spanish navigator, Juan Diaz de Solis, visit the territory which is now Argentina in 1516 and in 1536 the Spaniards founded a small settlement. Spain established apermanent colony on the side of what would later become the city Buenos Aires in 1580 as part of the Viceroyalty of Peru.
Buenos Aires became a flourishing port only after the creation of Viceroyalty at the revenue from the Potosi, the increasing maritime activity in terms of goods rather than precious metal, the production of cattle for the expert of leather and other productions and otherpolitical reasons, made it gradually become one of the most commercial centers of the region.
The Viceroyalty was, however, short live due to lack of internal cohesion among the many regions of which it was constituted and to lack of Spanish support. It collapsed when Napoleon successfully invaded Spain and overthrew the Spanish monarchy.

Birth of Argentina
News of the French revolution and theAmerican revolutionary war brought liberal ideas to Latin America. After the French seized power in spain, Buenos Aires formed its own junta on may 25, 1810. Two states emerged in what is now Argentina : United Provinces of South America and Liga Federal.
In 1820 Liga Federal was crushed by forces of the United provinces of South America and Portugal armies from brazil and its provinces absorbedinto United Provinces of south America. Argentines revere san Martin, who campaign in Argentina, Chile and Peru, as the hero of the national independence. On july 9, 1816, a congress gathered in Tucaman and finally issued a formal declaration of independence from Spain.
The United Kingdom officially recognized argentine independence in 1825 with the signing of a treaty of friendship, commerce,and navigation on February 2.
Following the defeat of the Spanish, centralist ‘unitarios’ waged a lengthy conflict against federalist to determine the future of the nation . The dominant figure of this period was the federalist Juan Manuel De rosas, who is generally considered a dictator. He ruled the province of Buenos aires from 1829 to 1852 while acting as a caretaker of the external relationfor the whole country, which lacked any of the former federal governments.
After revolution under general Justo Jose de Urquiza, a defecting federalist supported by Uruguay and Brazil, Argentine National Unity was atleast nominally established, and a constitution promulgated in 1853.
During the early part of this period, Argentina was largely a country of Spanish Immigrants and their...
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