Ayacucho, also known as Huamanga, is the capital city of Huamanga Province, Ayacucho Region, Peru.
Ayacucho is famous for its 33 churches, which represent one for each year of Jesus'life. Ayacucho has large religious celebrations, especially during the Holy Week of Easter. These celebrations include horse races featuring Peruvian Caballos de Paso and the traditional running of thebulls, known locally as the jalatoro or pascuatoro. The jalatoro is similar to the Spanish encierro, except that the bulls are led by horses of the Morochucos.
The Ayacucho region wasinhabited by varying indigenous cultures for thousands of years, including the Wari, Chanka people, and Nasca before the Inca.
The Spanish colonial founding of Ayacucho was led by the invader FranciscoPizarro on April 25, 1540, who named it San Juan de la Frontera de Huamanga. Due to the constant Incan rebellion led by Manco Inca against the Spanish in the zone, Pizarro was quick to populate thesettlement with a small number of Spaniards brought from Lima and Cusco. On May 17, 1544, by Royal decree, Ayacucho was titled La Muy Noble y Leal Ciudad de Huamanga (the most noble and loyal city ofHuamanga). The city's main University was founded on July 3, 1677 as the Universidad Nacional San Cristóbal de Huamanga.
Ayacucho is located climatologically in the Quechua according to theclassification made by the scholar Javier Pulgar Vidal, who divided the territory of Peru in eight natural regions. This area is characterized by broad valleys with flat bottoms. The climate is mild anddry, with an average temperature of 17.5 ° C and a relative humidity of 56%. This climate is considered suitable for life and the main crops are wheat, corn and potatoes. The rainy season is betweenNovember and March.
Like other cities in Peru, Ayacucho has a variety of dishes that make delight. Among the most sought include spicy Puca, also known Mondongo Ayacucho, a mote beef...