Bethooven

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  • Publicado : 16 de marzo de 2011
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INTRODUCTION

Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn, the Holy Roman Empire, on December 16, 1770 and died in Vienna, Austrian Empire, on 26 March 1827. He was a composer, conductor and pianist German. His musical legacy includes, chronologically, from the classical period until the beginning of musical Romanticism.

Was considered the last great representative of Vienneseclassicism (after Christopher Willibald Gluck, Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart), Beethoven managed to transcend the music of Romanticism, motivating influence it in a variety of musical works over nineteenth century. His art is expressed in many genres and even symphonies were the main source of his international popularity, its impact turned out to be especially significant in his worksfor piano and chamber music.

His output includes piano gender (32 sonatas for piano), chamber (16 string quartets, 7 trios, 10 sonatas for violin and piano), vocal (lieder and opera Fidelio), concert ante (5 concerts for piano and orchestra, one for violin and orchestra) and orchestra (9 symphonies, overtures, etc.). And the cycle of nine symphonies, including the Third Symphony, also calledEroica, in E ♭ major, Fifth Symphony, in C minor and the Ninth Symphony in D minor (the fourth movement is based on the Ode to Joy, written by Friedrich von Schiller in 1785).

DEVELOPMENT

HIS FAMILY

His family of Beethoven, whose members had a nascent musical tradition, was under modest conditions. His paternal grandfather, also named Ludwig, was descended from a family of peasants andfarmers originating in Brabant in the Flemish Region (Belgium) who moved to Bonn in the eighteenth century.

In March 1733, Ludwig's grandfather emigrated to Bonn where he worked as director and choirmaster of the orchestra of the Elector of Cologne. On 17 September the same year he married Maria Josepha Phalle, whose witnesses were the organist Johann van den Aeden and Riechler.

His son andfather of Beethoven, Johann van Beethoven (1740 - 1792) was a musician and tenor of the electoral court. On November 12, 1767 Johann married in the church of San Remigio in Bonn Keverich Maria Magdalena (19 December de 1746-1787), a young widow and daughter of a cook in Trier. For this reason, the marriage was opposed by Ludwig, his father, who by then was already renowned choirmaster at the court andregarded the young man from a lower social class than your child.

FIRSTS AGE HIS LIFE

Beethoven's father was very impressed by the fact that Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart gave concerts for seven years and wanted his son to follow in their footsteps. With the intention to make Ludwig a new child prodigy, he began to teach piano, organ and clarinet at an early age. However, the music studio cutshort the emotional development of young, barely related to other children. In the middle of each night, Ludwig was removed from the bed to play piano with Johann acquaintances, who wanted to impress, this caused was tired at school. It was usual to stop attending classes and stayed home to practice music. 
These were not the only problems. The father was an alcoholic, which would cause him to losethe post of director of the orchestra since the Bonn-Ludwig-grandfather's legacy, and the mother was often sick. Although the relationship was rather distant Johann Ludwig loved his mother he called his best friend. 
On March 26, 1778, when he was 7, Beethoven made his first public performance in Cologne. His father said Ludwig was the age of 6 years, for the musician looking younger and highlightits earliness. Therefore, it was always believed that Beethoven was younger than it really was. Because the musical talent and his father's teaching was limited, Ludwig began taking lessons from other teachers. Their progress was significant, especially in the interpretation of body composition and guided by experienced musicians as Christian Gottlob Neefe. Neefe was a very important and...
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