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  • Publicado : 2 de marzo de 2012
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Activity # 1
Complete the following ideas:
* The processes involved when communicating are sending messages, receiving messages and establishing relationships.
* Understanding can be enhanced by using symbols familiar to the audience (technical terms are not feasible for all the audience so “layman’s” symbols should be used for those who may not understand), defining symbols (should bedescribed the meaning of the symbols), using multiple kinds of symbols (a combination of speaking, writing and visual provides a rich variety of symbols for enhance understanding), repeating the message (present the message more than once in different message format. Repetition helps to get it) and using concrete symbols (concrete example).
* Misinterpretation happens because the symbolic nature ofcommunication (you can’t accurately interpret something that you have mentally turned out, attention is paid to only select parts of the message, people assign different interpretations to symbols than you do, people actions may be misinterpreted)
* Relationships can be of different types: Personal – Impersonal, Supportive-Accepting, Warm-Cold, Dominat-Subordinate

Activity # 2
Column A, youare given different situations; solutions to those situations are given in column B. Match items in each column.

Activity #3
Items | Spoken language | Writing language |
Body language | x | - |
Intention (Formal Style) | Formal/Informal | Usually formal |
Vocabulary (complexity) | Less Complex | Complex |
Feedback | Real Time | off- line |
Interaction(Prestige) | personal | impersonal |
Source/Receptor | Sp system/ears | hands/eyes |
Age | Human beginning | 3200 BC |
Universality | everyone | Most of people |
Acquisition | ~ Since 1 year ago | At school |
Structure | Phoneme -> morpheme | syllables |
Interdependence | | |
Retrievability | Until the invention of magnetic recording | 3200 BC |
Literary Use | Oral literature | |Standardization | can change | - |
change | change continously | Usually standard |

Activity # 4
Below are four text extracts. According to what you just learned about written and spoken language, choose the most appropriate places for them on the continuum according to whether they are most likely originally to have been spoken, or written.
Written _BDA_____________C_Spoken
* Text A
languageenrichment: a term sometimes used to describe language teaching as part of a programme of COMPENSATORY INSTRUCTION.(written)
* Text B
I hope you are both fit and well, I’m managing to keep reasonably healthy, I try to go for two or three outings on my bike each week, when the weather allows. (written)
* Text C
OK – in this picture – er – number 1 I can see er a little girl –who probably – isinside – her house – er who is playing – with a bear … (spoken)
* Text D
Is the patient work of judges uncovering political corruption and party slush funds hampering French business? (written)*
Which elements do you consider when communicating an idea?
1. Idea
2. Objective.
3. Communicating aids (spoken, writing, visual or a combination).
Does the type of audience determine yourapproach?
Yes, it does because may be the audience doesn’t have

How about the channel you use? 
It depends on the content but you should use all the channels available in that situation.

Activity # 5
It is very important to state your communication objective from the very beginning. Why is that so? 
Because the communication objective clarifies what a person hope to accomplish to communicating.When the objective is clear the person is in the best position to choose the appropriate method of communication.
Activity # 6
Once you have established your objectives, it is important to identify your target audience. What kind of information do you need to know about your target audience? 
1. HOW MUCH THAT YOUR TARGET AUDIENCE KNOW ABOUT THE TOPIC? (once you have determine the knowledge...