Cartilla de ingles

Solo disponible en BuenasTareas
  • Páginas : 6 (1307 palabras )
  • Descarga(s) : 4
  • Publicado : 13 de junio de 2010
Leer documento completo
Vista previa del texto
Use: we use the present simple for: daily routines, repeated actions, habits or permanent states

Structure: auxiliary: do or does (third person)
Affirmative: sub + v + c
Negative: sub + aux + not + v + c
Interrogative: aux + sub + v+ c + ?

Example:
+: I go to New York
He goes to New York
-: I don't go to New York
He doesn't go to New York
? : Do I go to New York?
Does he go toNew York?

Use: we use the present continuous for: actions happening now, at the moment of speaking, action happening around the time speaking, fixes arrangements in the near future, especially when we know the time and the place
Structure: auxiliary: verb to be
Affirmative: sub + verb to be + v+ ing + c
Negative: sub + verb to be + not + v + ing +c
Interrogative: verb to be + sub + v + ing +c + ?

Example_
+: I am going to New York
He is going to New York
-: I am not going to New York
He is not going to New York
?: Am I going to New York?
Is he going to New York?

Use: we use the past simple for: actions complete in past, actions which happened at a specific time in past, past habits

Structure: auxiliary: did

Affirmative: sub + v p + c
Negative: sub + aux + not + v+ c
Interrogative: aux + sub + v + c+ ?

Example:
+: I gave a present
She gave a present
-: I did not give a present
She did not give a present
?: did I give a present?
Did she give a present?

Use: we use the past continuous: for an action which was in progress at a stated time in the past. We do not know when the action started or finished, to give background information in a story,for two of more actions which were happening at the same time in the past (simultaneous actions)

Structure: auxiliary: verb to be in past
Affirmative: sub + aux + v + ing + c
Negative: sub + aux + not + v + ing + c
Interrogative: aux + sub + v + ing + c + ?

Example:
+: you were giving a present
I/he was giving a present
-: you were not giving a present
I/he was not giving a present
?: were you giving a present
Was I/he giving a present?

Use: we use the present perfect: for actions which started in the past and continue up to the present, to talk about a past action which has a visible result in the present, to refer to an experience,

Structure: auxiliary: have or has
Affirmative: sub + aux + v p p + c
Negative: sub + aux + not + v p p + c
Interrogative aux + sub+ v p p + c + ?

Example
+:you have watched the tv
He has watched the tv
-: you have not watched the tv
He has not watched the the tv
?: have you watched the tv?
Has he not watched the tv?

Use: we use the present perfect: for action which happened before another past action or before a stared time in the past, for an action which finished in the past and whose result was visible in thepast

Structure: auxiliary: had
Affirmative: sub + aux + v p p + c
Negative: sub + aux + not + v p p + c
Interrogative aux + sub + v p p + c + ?

Example
+:you had watched the tv
He had watched the tv
-: you had not watched the tv
He had not watched the the tv
?: had you watched the tv?
Had he not watched the tv?

Use: we use the future simple: for predictions about the future,for promises, for on-the-spot decisions, for threats

Structure: auxiliary: will
Affirmative: sub + aux + v + c
Negative: sub + aux + not + v + c
Interrogative: aux + sub + v + c + ?

Example
+:I will go to the river
-: I will not go to the river
?:will I go to the river?

Use: we use the future continuous: for actions which will be in progress at a stated future time, when we askpolitely about someone`s plans for the near future.

Structure: auxiliary: will be
Affirmative: sub + aux + v + ing + c
Negative: sub + aux + not + v + ing + c
Interrogative: aux + sub + v + ing+ c + ?

Example
+:I will be going to the river
-: I will be not going to the river
?:will be I going to the river?

Use: we use going to: to talk about our future plans and intentions, to make...
tracking img