Comunidades indigenas

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LOS DERECHOS DE LOS PUEBLOS INDÍGENAS Y TRIBALES EN LA PRÁCTICA

UNA GUÍA SOBRE EL CONVENIO NÚM. 169 DE LA OIT

PROGRAMA PARA PROMOVER EL CONVENIO NÚM. 169 DE LA OIT (PRO 169) Departamento de Normas Internacionales del Trabajo, 2009

LOS DERECHOS DE LOS PUEBLOS INDÍGENAS Y TRIBALES EN LA PRÁCTICA

UNA GUÍA SOBRE EL CONVENIO NÚM. 169 DE LA OIT
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ÍNDICE
Reconocimientos·········································································································································· 4 Introducción ················································································································································· 5 Cómo usar esta Guía····································································································································· 6 I. II. Identificación de los pueblos indígenas y tribales ········································································· 8 1.1. Cobertura del Convenio núm. 169 de la OIT ··············································································· 9 1.2. Identificación de los pueblos indígenas en las estadísticas ························································ 10 1.3. Comentarios de los órganos de control de la OIT: Cobertura···················································· 11 1.4. Aplicación práctica: Declaración de cobertura ·········································································· 13 El concepto de pueblos indígenas en el contexto de los derechos ··········································· 24 28 29 32 35 36 37 39 39 44

III. Responsabilidades de los gobiernos···························································································· 3.1. Acción coordinada y sistemática ·································································································· 3.2. Derechos fundamentales ·········································································································· 3.3. Medidas especiales·················································································································· 3.4. Disposiciones clave para la implementación ············································································· 3.5. Comentarios de los órganos de control de la OIT: Acción coordinada y sistemática ·················· 3.6. Aplicación práctica: Responsabilidades de los gobiernos ·························································· 3.6.1. Acción coordinada y sistemática·················································································· 3.6.2. Combatir la discriminación y cerrar las brechas socioeconómicas ·······························

IV. Instituciones indígenas ··················································································································· 48 4.1. Retener y desarrollar las costumbres, tradiciones einstituciones indígenas ·································· 49 4.2. Aplicación práctica: Respeto por las instituciones indígenas ························································ 50 V. Participación, consulta y consentimiento ····················································································· 5.1. Consulta y participación: La piedra angular del Convenio························································· 5.2. Comentarios de los órganos de control de la OIT: Consulta y participación ······························· 5.3. Aplicación práctica: Consulta y participación ············································································ 5.3.1. Procedimientos de consulta························································································· 5.3.2. Establecimiento de consejos consultivos ····································································· 5.3.3. Participación en los consejos electorales...
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