In order for a patient to consent in health care he/she has to bemedically and mentally well and it has to be voluntary on the part of the patient. Consent can either expressed or implied. Express consent can take the form of either verbal or written. This iscalled an informed consent. Consent must be obtained from the patient or from a person authorized to consent on the patient’s behalf before any medical procedure can be performed. The patient also hasthe right to refuse consent to any medical procedure or intervention. (Pozgar, 2010, p. 352).
The American Medical Association (AMA) (2011) writes about informed consent that, “Informed consent ismore than simply getting a patient to sign a written consent form. It is a process of communication between a patient and physician that results in the patient's authorization or agreement to undergo aspecific medical intervention”. (Par. 1).
The AMA continues,
In the communications process, you, as the physician providing or performing the treatment and/or procedure (not a delegatedrepresentative), should disclose and discuss with your patient: The patient's diagnosis, if known; The nature and purpose of a proposed treatment or procedure; The risks and benefits of a proposed treatmentor procedure; Alternatives (regardless of their cost or the extent to which the treatment options are covered by health insurance);The risks and benefits of the alternative treatment or procedure; andthe risks and benefits of not receiving or undergoing a treatment or procedure. In turn, your patient should have an opportunity to ask questions to elicit a better understanding of the treatment orprocedure, so that he or she can make an informed decision to proceed or to refuse a particular course of medical intervention. (Par. 2).
Pozgar, G. D., (2010) informs that in other words, the...